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,L<y^T#ve > 3qo4 



A/at, 



1928 



DflTHjnB IKS 15811 n 



na 



]X2D11^ . » T n 



3 ny»ia -- pya^r^iytsjnng j;oti 



"diss (nyt^ab^io^p) Dnypn^n jpxpyD v;tr-7\s 
rhir rj ,iywo ww 30 



w^d 15 T»na 



1928 .*•»« 







1 



ipaj?21K H J IK B3J?TTJ?1B IKE I^KII H 



1928 



jtt«? parole fix p^ttKispj; 

iv iDrna in "i i5»$r >it« m — nynyms yijaoyp ww 
p»b nvra n ttfsMSJ nyD^ii «t ?5st ?1928 pa tf«n h 

in P« y^^BIPSDVI H ,D8^P f^>DD^8D^)8P PD |y»D 

"D"i8s ytsm 8 pfjsns re jjimp nyn PK jDyms "t t^wt 
mw m is^d y:tfy?8 pa trrBy:! ,tdd^8i^D8P m«?p pd 
-ID85P vm^x l» pn^sns nytoynB p iiw ?dpisj p» 

1W"5 yD'PJ 8 ,Dn8n-|D8D I?8J^V8J 8 *P1N "DIM 

I\m .wnwv i"io n *pw T8^8tDsnn trnya ^dim 

DDDyp DWP8B ? "MSB W*ttD^8ȴKtD 1JH n30 PK 01*11 
PBB 8 183 1WTDMK P ft?J"T 0*11 ? W8B Diypn*11 P 

?os5ppy&y:riB pd toyv-Jeni i»p*j"« 
;»8*id yty»»yi8PS ,yDP8"iL>o:i8 p^p o^ HWt o^n 
n8D »yj"T osu ,myD**o pa umB ynjyjynn tyrn o*n 
-dmk pytoynn8 n pd iddkp yDs^yo-asiD n »*d pjm 
iyMttin*B n» tDyiytarK ytDD5>8DjyD*ruiB p b*d tsa^pya 
.Diyonsa yDTostfaopy p» os^ppyoymB iim*ji pa 

nyjyp&n»B pd U8^ D*n .ypnyo* isj mn 1921 or? 
a*tf .D"pn»5DtDym8 yo^na «t« rytyj d*j ,*&pyBD*nB 
nynyjijt^vpsyi nyi pd ama^a* nytDDirtD8inyDJSp iyn 
-Jin nyny^ pd nyoyn* opyr ijw»t ^^idd^dhs ptt^ip 
dv^k ^ynn«ya &"* nyn p« n*^8i8D p*n dbii .onyi 
,iynym8 onyuin y-iy pd *£yii* djddp^j'oi .T*5DDyn8 
\H »v« |M«? ,1923 p« Dp^aytysn lyiiya ryj"? D«n 

.twri* 
Wjsm ,i8^miya ^ .itrww nyDD$ yte pyii mr^ 
p*w p» nw'Mriyvi p t^o ^oopyD nyiJ8^jy vo p 
pynrn to^ p«5a ny^yD-?^MP yonnumyvo^ p .mr^ 
Diyn iyo .nn>3^ pk lywn^nyi y^j w B)"*u P« P^vtD^ 



L6> 



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285407 




i 



I 



ja?^8 , nj»D''H nv^P-iV^y lis ltMgjytav^ nptaans 

.I'trn^ip lajni noH nyi 

I 



5 -lytajniK n tit* BjjniTjnB iks t^kti n — 1928 

iyj"K .'■t^DinKirjr >w* in R> iy£"B aannnK IBBJFfttfll 

h pa lyoyiDiKB yDD"iDy:t pk yDDDnKiiayjonK *i pa 
W85 du D$n ,U85 pk tDyiyo^K y^^DD^SD^asp-DMna 
D^poyis pk iay^> idkd iyj8pnyD8 h r« ,Diy?Piyi pmv 
-ya Dt$n iy D»n aaiamytMiK lyniyj 8 B*# .an: pk 

PB t^DjyD HH*^B 93 DJDDp'VJm T8 .DM18 VI B?**fl ,D38D 

-Dwain iy"t jttmnn *pik anp pkd ajnyp5ys8a iyuiK 
•ik5$i Diyum 5 DjDDayn pk dbjipj^k lyas^iy^ iyas5 
W^e 93 n TD^snnyi w naya nnp pk dbjipj^k in o» 
TP©jyB pk aanya pa 5>B8fcg> tDDpnyiu oyi "a„ ,i^Djyo 
in pb D^myD iyiynnya»iK iyi d*$ pk ."tytonK pb$ 

H ID»^y3J"8 jyj^t ID8D&? yDP^J^KIKB H PB aaiiyp5yB83 

-ma 8 p« iyni8B yDTD8tfaopy h ,iyDyai8 idkd yonia 

.dk^P'^d pa 5"D iyo 

yp^Dam ,yoma p*p D8ny:i du ia$n i*a t8 n* 1 PW 
D8nyj to* 1 : ptjn vd >1JB9 dj$i iy?D"iDBnK 5*$t dwi /ib^k 
d^b ?yj8Dt?ya pk ypny»8 ya^yn D^n ,iyny5a8ia ya5yt8 
-i8is pip iynya d^ jyrn oy .nDrtfD iyi is*j ii>8a d*jb 5k 
^WJI^'Bn^UMP 1 PB aanyp^yasa h iJ^Wlf Pit D$n jyoy? 
D8"n *JiB1B yD?yi8 iyi$ ,py:i85 y^D^sa yo^^Div ik^dj^b 
-pv n Tib tyn h pk 3ji5"dw yai8fc> 8 nsiDrns fim 
in Dpm jyjjttinytDJiK on? .ibwbibb yB"tr5$a yirroDn 
dp^idd ?«v yDDjy^p h D8nyj td ntsn 1926 pk T8 ,dmi8 
-j^k 18 nsviya iyrn t» m« rD^noao y^ynDDiirK pk 

.y*8J y^ynt^Dn 
ysiKt? nfrlB jyrya i*» ta$n 1924 pk 1922 pk 
div ,Dnnp iy5yiitD5ipn38 iyi — di^» h D8 .di^^k 
in D^n pk ,D^>n ni nwigr lyiiya !8i ly^n — ^ac^n 

Dy ,Ty:J1K^8D ytDBIB^IBB-^^^SB PK BDyrtByaWK 

\w*m .rrn^no yn^pnn8B pk yDiw lyiiyj imk lyj^n 
n ?yj8Diyi tn^n iai8i n 1 ^ .iyiy:iDDy:n8 pk nytoynnK h 
B^j ivw unn i^d .1922 t^K dp"ibd yonu pb y^«ra 
I8i mn own .y^oyiayi yJyuo^pnaB yBiKt^ *i ioyn8B 



njByaiK h tik oaynMyiB ikb i^hh h — 1928 



"Wbr wd .ynDDH^^K J^ttfiy iyi pk Dy^n^ni n"J^ nyn 
iyi pk nn^^ jt*» fa«i \vd Diyn D^piyJuyi iyi 
in iw DDy^i iyi pa ?d83J8» isnjp's h .ynoDn^K-nn 
n d»ii ( 38d 8 tojyo yas^Dy yiyj«D h ip^mim iv a« 
8 wd mw\Wl T3«n nyj^TJ'K pk jyoiy^B IVD^Dl^p^ 

"581-'yB„ TIB ?DH ID iyi PK l^i |DV? pB sin? PK 

PK IK^I |iyi 1KB ,1K?81 1'BIK tDJyD DDK Q118 f?8Bya 

did i^ipyj D^n iyDyai8 ly^t^JBOin iyi d«»i .nn^a^ 
iyi .D:yo pivjuj Dii8 d^^k iy vr*\p ,p>*\w o^in n5yiiv 
d^d DJDDp'ium DJ^M t^K mi^a^ pb ?an id iyj"Dya58 
jj^ns? y^^D^Dtr h .1923 pk ni ,iy^y?P Djyv^ia ti5y 
iy^niyDJiKDpyiyMv„ i«^ tp^dj^h tn^n pi^^ vj pk lyr^n 
DDnia W8P^ .iyna i^ pk oy pjjni pk m iyo "iki 

8H8D« PK .1913 BJn DJ"?"Dnia y»D3^»5 H D^» wk in 

yonia H n^a i8?jyiDiyioiK n?8 v^ vwD^wpy n pk 
DJD^vsa w^ jynya t^k nia iyDyai8 ?8 ts ,iyDyai8 idkd 
8 PK y*D$D8J8 18B loyD^KB w nyaiyp i^k tBnpisa iv 
yuiyjjin yi^K isa t^a^ ibk^^k in na ^kd'-b^ j5bp»5 

.ina'p 
/DnysD8ia D18B \m) fy"i^yj h sinK phjpip du 
iyi t^D^a .djvubj* ib^d pk r?8 18J Diyoi83 h jyrn 
iyi pk lyDDyu iyi mm vx i8> iDvy? pb Dnrnsnn 
Diyn iyi iya» t^k ,(1920 pk 1916 nn) uk? pa yDa^yj 
r?8ayj ,iDpn*na Di8a yiyus d^d tyospv ,nKinn iyi pb 
.D^in ffivwi vdvv 1 ? n ?^k ik^i w^^d Diymn Dpyt nnK 
fjyn ti«5a pk t^a^n oy'^n^ip : Diyiyj mp 
-j^k pk ?u8n pb :uiDan h .DV8?ayj D«n ^Dnyao^ia 
lyDyaiK h .iyDJii8 nsa DB8n?a^nsDiK pk ynDDn 
iyi t^k o^in Dpyr ww*? n pk .lS^Biyi iv ik oy tann 
-18 *1 D8ii d^i .iyai8t^ n^nyj Dnopnn ^v^dh^pv 
i^ s 8 pa id"* yiyoya h pk Di^a^yaa^ m»n nynya 
yjyanyj niB h d«h ^^dpsb .^yj^ Dunit^i8B ,pmv 
-i^^a^^np-D^ H M^naiyi d^ 5«d:^p Dyoa iDnyaoBia 
•IDBBV yDp^^KiBB n pk iysyai8 yD5i^yra58n jik yD 



lytaymK H n« uajrrTxna "i«s pKii h — 1928 



aa85 n** 1 — tv Px ^^yp nytHnpyo d^dd f'toiD ryo8T 
nnoo in |u»n — jwr^^ww 5>nx ytaoyna n pa iwn 

inya iv hd ,xnrp ,pjsii8n r^P tptp-Danp 8 *nx jytiw 
j"W«t dsii "ynyaosotDX,, n te«^ px "tstx, ipnynw oyi 
px ♦n?^8nysb*8 ww pa Dyv85iB'J8D h n8B pwu 
,nna jayyi pnn onno 5*n fie D^m^ n wm D"S nyn 
nsa tB^yp d»ii imainip^ idxb onx tyan8» yny^r im«5b> 

jjix^naxn ny5nMip*w 
dv^x Dype^p btt^ip "iyje^DVtfpy* SypHXpiYw nyi 
ns ^xasin oyn tort .*n«j nyn ixa ^«^n lyas^o ixa 
-tu"B h tnyn ,wynyaw DajuasiiBas'tD^a nynywt nyi 
.nyan8t^ px nyai8£> r^8 ypny»8 px TJ^My i«ntw dbbp 
nniiyaxaivDnx mn«a 8 M8» id8d^ ynp^^xixa n 
DynmasD-Dnna yayanyriirs »n nyv^a 8 inn .n^aay 
yp*tttfa n -ddxd ww^rwow ny^riv^ia nyi ltd 
^yi .fanyy* in t^nstyyv nn^nyscpx »pam na yax? 
px tffentwy* .itwyw px pnx iy» r^8 tt dd^i Dnao 
,1927 px msao^K-Dajn^yn h pa bayvma iyn .m?o ?o"n 
ny: tD^yo 82 toayitDXi ,nion5D jruyttip px yjyaJ8n8B ixa 
■i8a wrwin y^8iynya h &sn 1913 tun ,nx5*n run na 
-ni 124 *pix inxjonx iD^a px y^nyn^^n h toiyoy-13 
yw^yw^Ki h m 5*»b ntx £»» "nv n5*n px Dm *Djyv 
5*d aax »n ny» ,tyiyDy-ian8B t^^n iJ85aay osn t^dmx 
iyi pa ^a nrx 5>8D p^ay? on* px y^s&t^x na ^a p?8 
nga .pxaonx y^nytD^D yt?nnv:j8iB n pa y^ijjBijna 

.nsnya p5yr oyi 

-IV »*n rtDD^snyBDiK p« mDnsiD^^o ywyvi h 
t3yiiyj8^ay: ^toonn 5«n^ns iyj8pnyo« i # ty»o iyo8t 
n« wojkp P« nyDy^i8 h ^i« nD^nt^ y^n»nn82 nyn 

♦tWMisnB ^ pk nnyna n nn« 
-nyim nyn nyoyia r^8 tnyn n^v nyi^yt nyn t 1 ^ 
-D^8nysD^8 nyj.spnyoB pa aaipn^tynsB nyn i* iJ8D^ 

tDD^8tD^B8P y^^K"B»l"K H t^8H DV^K P1^ .Da8K3 nyt^^D 

-p^w Hb ,Dy^8n^3i8P y^oasrj Jo^n t^n 8 tfin^85is 
PK dt^s^bsp iyJ8pnyK58 pa tyaam^ns bmi n^^iv 



-lyapiK n ]ik aayruyiB ike ]^n n — 1112s 



6 



D^aya t3^n lyosnv ninim^nD yT»u ;iJ8^ r^w o^iynya 
r^K own jaianwa tay^as? 1 iyi pa ajnn^sn^ nyn iv 
■^«Jp h PB Di^aya /">D18B "lynm 8 n8a ajiaynsa 8 ?yiiyj 
I8T wn nytayms 1D8D yoma pa D^^D^ya px wvn 
nyn^ dv^k ,iyjju"^nyi Rp'Mni ya?yt8 lyrya d>j t>d ?ni$n 
"D ^J8^ pk »»D .w^yy&yi yp^y\) pa d^d>d nn iyyr 
y^tDD^8D>B8P yt^jgpnyos h dv>k »vn nj»5D^i« p« 

.^D^r P8 tooya yvpsyn 

i'nyoJiK Djayya in D^n onaawp lyoop^yan nyi 
y^rDD^stD'ssp'D^na H n8a n8? lyiynnyjoix rs pa ?D^t^ 
18?a8rDBnn ,D85p"nyt3yni8 layp aauyavyiya h .loyiyD^K 
p« ra^wity i^ia px t^x ,nyDym8 yp^asia^-nDyia \wp 
"iyDyiDn8a iyn — nynxin btb 1i tDi8B ny^^BP^niayn nyn 
■nya5jm ,toynyDrx ytr''DD^8D , 'B8P yt3Dp^noDiKii83 h pb 

PB PK Ttt8Ja8£~5nX H PB tDTD1i$1.rX PHJyD^?1B PX 

h — ^yiasn px ^tP8D pa nynnyD lyi ,iy5ia n^Jiyn^ 
px ^n^ip *a»a»« pa r8^a Dyn jyoyaisa iv' f y^8ao8P 
nyD^yii — n^DD i^jnyii^j t>x ^dixb ny^">D8iP^oyi nyn 
ny»ynn8 n^nta-Jnw h n^*xn iv Q^tDiyiis oynn8y^ mn 
pb nx^aoyipy yoD^yr n Dpyiyai^ own lyD^yn px 
— ,TT pa Dyaopix ®)%pyi mn ^n ^yoytD dsii yMnsp 
^vw'DwrDijnnjni ny^tatnpWDjn in n8a 081HJ8P iyn 
mo^x yoa^npya-tDDa^yr n ,yi"PDyuiinB yayanya-^rs n 
.»n*Diytyn lxasw^N D^n xi^n px oms: pa DTayj ,!Djya 
nyayanya nt8 nyn tjmya dib Dyn px r^x ^nytoyiixa 
nya5yii ,xtD^DyjyD pa nyDDB^ i*SD8JyD n^n^^-iyon8a 
.nyj8P^niayn d^8 tDnntDD^yi b»bp8b nv^x t^x 
-18B yoD^uiyjy y*\y"\ dv^x 138^ tDD^xnyaD^x h 
l^nynxn iv tDDxn nyn ip , 'DDyBn8a px nyt^nmvDnx pn 
"8^ h ?ayp Di^aya tonyn yrj8BDXP y^y^yBD x xfivn h 
^ipx yiyijx px ^Dpyn m ,ypny»8 px *\yiw*? jrr^'m 
nyp^ya ynyasi^ h hd ^yiJ8ia 8n pa b*M nyo^iw ijri 
^pjy d'jib ^B8JP I'nyDJnx ian8 , inytoJix nyaana m i^t 
nia„ yt^nyp^a ya^yt8 pns tap^ya nmi /Dt^xnyBD^x 
■iv f p^8 vrrSiP Djynnyis ;aiymj^ ni D^n^t^ "5^ 



9 



nptajrnnw n ]ik ttjjrTtjyiB i«s j^pi n 



1928 



oy »n ?^i ny&yan8 n nsa nn8iJ8&D-way5 nyoya 8 

"18B .VtDDjyJBD^WB^ H tf^B8 103^183 |?M1 "t .t»3*rHHD 

v»5 n ipy&B> d«x njnJi/nxn pk .djs'w aayip ya^i? 
ten iv nyD8ii o^«p pk nya^B p»p pns d>j tB8iP«npa 
-ihb ypwtet^asp h uyp nJ8BKny fc Ptt 8 i* nyoyans n 
W8 nytoyriK n pip od^p D«m ^d^kb n o$ /iy-iyne> 
yDDiiKia n nyDynt^u D^say^a n b"bp8b &B5yn ,iy"0 
thd 5-hm wis 1 pjj h d^d bt"n ^ae^a nyi *ii ,iya£yp 
pymiytwiK wiiyjsJa p"5a "i»"T n« Pis J^ti .dj»*jp 
y^a pa r|ti5 pk ryJiKinn rn^tn iy&yai8 n dsh ,}Bayi y^8 

•tiiD8p nytra nsr 
na BB8»nyvB y^y^Bs h d>*i» dkiisb Din ds$ pk 
y^^DD^niDjy pk yiPtDp8 is "tnsa ■w*bd , '58 , ¥«d nyi 
dbs n«a pk — la^yn roD^sw yjyBnya nt8 h '.y5m 
iyt>yai8 yuanyp n ibikhk^dmik — w\ oyt "t ip*ii 

1in«D pV 1 iyiWT8tD838D "T •DJtf'Or H JIB fDCJIDSP f1K 

-18B 8 iTPJsru* is iyi$ ,"Di8B iip«5 8 iy^PMitDJ8 ^ 
-ojynnyia yijyoip n pk nyayais n pb ^oyr^it idp^^k 

1«P W3 jyj"t oy 18 ?D38itD d^ iyj"p ^? n»j 
PD cpjd^d nyn r^8 tt l?"H oy .dpio'bbs nss pkpiik 
,iyj"n h pb DD"rDBD8P. nyB>»K«nyn nyi ,*i»8P nayopsw 
auya J818B pk oy T8 »T"N f tt'nt>r nyi^a n*p 8 1**J 
-"lytoyais n pk py5 lyuasyp pit DB8"iP"Dnj8DBnyTn 
-18 TnD-SiSJ n pa d"pjd«£b>bj8 y^noD^a n .iD8o 
-yai8 h T8 ,!T"ii .ftpfta ipj^ pk iyra yiy^n pk lytoyn 
.mump yiyn lynyagi w na ,^d mv pa laoyp t^yn nyD 
tyn n p« njsansBJoy^sD t'n8B y^BEPD ynjopsii n 
-D8P n *pik ph:pip to>j — iyDyai8 nyjspnyos n pb 
— ^n tiK pia ivd n»nyo pk jyajnoM^nBB pa ov^m 
-am D^na pa pk *no div p« .tt^nw ny^aD^uB^n 8 tk 
-pjsa y?y^8:rs-Tin yp^njsii n pa psip Dm B^pjna 
^pyjytytJ^K ivoK»ip»5 iw iirnn^na nyn pa oy^sraso 
pa nya3^nJ8 ytaoyo^n ^a i^B8 rn n ta^pyaas tswn dsii 
,Dy^83^8» Dtfp-?D85p yny^t pk ipj«3 n*a«5 



lytayniN n p« ajyTwyis i«s \bm) n 



1928 



8 



yny^n \*\viyn y^8ona-Dmj pk hjs^d^h .pi8D^D^yn 
Dj^psn U8^jy .niTiriD iyj8Pnyo8 yo^iya rw lanso 
n .nmn non>» n pa k^q nyiyn^ nyn *pik nyT»ii in 
1^: jfis^ r i8^a n^ pk in ?y^pniDJ8 osn jD^pnynt^ 
-18a pk yn»w?*na ny^^^a^n^K iyn p« D^piyon nyia 
iv Bftunyaimi i^«!v ivynvi^a o^p^mioix n^K tpnstat^ 

|D?B^11Vn8B 8 BTB 3J13yi18a tijpJP H^ID yVJ8J n 

h jJiD3^n8B pa i8ayj pk lyj^r dj^^jp Tna n ,^08P 
,DJ8'jp ytDD^8inyDj»p n &m mwvm ^ jJiapnD^j^ 
"83 nyoyans nyn p« fiDKP-na^n 8 pk d^ik iyo r^8 ddpkp 
ypny»8 p« onypn^n \"n ny»"jp yp^D^ya 5»D8 h jjwyn 

-n8B TDDiyDDPB pB pip 8 — trPP^SB E^^P8B DV>8 t^K 

-yD8 iyi pa y&a^isvj'uri pk lytoy^n yDDviKii^ h pi^k D8i 
,ia5^nya yiy^n pk ^ynso ,d^k^ J:iayii8anyt5yai8 nyJ8pn 
-T-nD pa y^nsosp yvJ8^ n pk pu # ^ii pa n^D^y;; 
»B8t-Djay5» yo8D o$r\ ipnyjo^K pan ,r&8iP*npa i«^p 
"urernvrpvii ipt wiiya ^ytow t^K d^ii ,y^8PJ8an« nyn pa 
-«ira "ma^J n jjuyi^n wrjp n^nto iyn pk ma-DB08p 
iv jyoip tv U8^ pa nypyans n n^ t^VK ititfwi iobip 
toyniK ^i^yn p'p ^2 i^bb n«?iyn *m nyj^D n ei^n 
iDDDK^iyiM^ pa ny^a t'nytoJiK jy^D^ D8ii ,nyp^o n ikb 
,dk5h8J ^bbd^p pk 34n*3ji nn pa m^DV^ ^siyo 
^nsn^Jsp PK y^^^^Djya ^^ns pk 
nynymK n tD^nisa hbjd r^^pj^^nj^K ynjM^isa 8 
-j^k yp'-DV^K h ma8nD8a 5*t |yo ww .^»> 1VJ8J pa 
nyj"» n uyp t iyp**6^i^ ni nyiaan 8t8 pa f Dj^pj^^n 
pa Djs^p^nPK n tk ,tyt \jm Dyw .y^^it^Djya pk 
nynyan8 t8a:t"8 pk nyj^o uyp "iyn^8B nyn^ >onyn^n 8 
pun D811 MMflomn *Vi W® d^j iyiiy; iyrn ,1922-1919 pK 
•no8P div "APH^W'Un* nyDyDn8 n 

MT8 *1^1K /l$5p T>K IDD^8D^B8P H PB D8n^1B H 

lyo^^sa DJ80P yDDipD8 l inyDj^p n i^bk ^ani ti^K ^d 



lytayniK n i ik Bjjnujns iks pgii n — 1928 



10 



H P>11* 18 1 yD8^Dy O^D P3 IJ?J"t ypHyD8 PK .1 

"?D8to h tiK *ii8fc? WW do p^DyoDootoisa iyo^-|D8to 
D*n .i)*WW loo^o&PsaoiK 18 PK tynyj iyj"t jyutf^oti 
P3 # Tt PH t"8 id^p iy"oi83 yt^o^83 h D8iii8a pk 
nyi PK oiyiyj pk D81 ; P"ip yiyo"in ,i8u romw 8 
-"S8i"K ypo"K mi tn8E> nt8 dmk do jpm "t D8ii ,pt 
IDyiyorK"tD8to yoD*DGP82 ,iy"Di83 yt$"DD , »?80 , »38p w*$ 
?TOjyryiByi D8ii ,!,y"oi83 ton id itovy^ pk i$i p"to pk 

JDyni?DrK-?D8to y5»8DJyD81Jia m D^D 

yopo"Ki8S h pa jnnoyi iyi pa iidpiidd h .2 
inn .oy»D*D iyB"K"oi83-"ii* iyi una onayj ?^k id^d^ 
pk nwiyj iD^snyj rw«i dsii r5»«ii n phjtp5»8J8 ,pjy5 
■pi H pnrrroBtpy pk 1912 pk idkd^ yopO"Ki8a n 

: D^ryj D8n ^uynsn oton 

"DyO H PQ yj"K PK DyDD^D ypiK"D183""11tf H D**„ 

-DDnto? « nnoan** w nstoyi 1* do iy^o yoDpua 

w ."tri83 lyoynis ypnjyo^ 
D8n pyDD^D yp^K"Di83-"iiY h T8 .jaym i8J i#p tyo 
"i83 oyont^o pk do yrtfyii nno8.ii8 D81 oiytp.iyj 
yoniys pa tDyiyo^K ypni5"0 dsii ,i83iyi pk D8i ,iy"D 
,*n8B> auya do jyrn tyo^nosto h ryii ro"¥ pk ,tsiu 
ytPOBP'toiayi h pa iyo8i h pk pmonK \5wi& \r-\p 

♦iy"oi83 ywm^pmy*i pk 
nyoD^DypwoiBB-"^ n in bgn i*^ 25 yovy? n pk 
Pa ,1912 pk ^80J"K : $%& "11$ into t8Dy:i 5d"id 8 
iyi pk h:>id58Bb> otoiim n topKiiyjDniK pk Dy dsii 

D811 ,1924 pK ^D yO"1W D81 ; "0183 iy^08P>tolByi 

08i yatoii jwjniM by5>j$fi8^ iyi pn »tj'd>ip in o^n 

"nwMD t^k edo ystoii D^n ^yccD^ ^^ yooyu n tanvya 
yopO"8i8Q n p8 tnvy: pk oy jyn D^n "Di83 oyo 
y38toyn , »3J"to n pa iitisa 8 jynya pk d^i .io8o^ 
i^ ,"D183 iy^^8P^toi3yi iyi iyon« pn pn ,|ojyoyto 
ikw ,iyoyni8 h ps rnto too D&8enyi^a h in ^n« ?y^yj 

*U8^ IVJ8J pa 

n^ 1 yto^y? h p8 ty^itoniDJ8 y"j n ps nyuyo h 






P8 rDiyiyj dv»8 vi ri8n i^o D^tn typrnyj i^ 
?ojn?8 "t tyj"t D811 " .ry"Di8a y^^^«3 h pmytDJw 

? 8i "t ryj"t D8ii i^w 
?yj"t iy"Di83 y^D^^a T8 j^di^i^s ry» no ,DJo^iy 
yj^j"8 ty»8Pv in lyoip Dy i«ii ,nmn vp^vb)^ vp do 
pa 1381^ pk nina n ryj v n iy"oi83 y^o^83 .w&:yo 
'wv n ,b"o^83 ,pn too 58t Dy o^oioyx n .non5onD8to 
p^oi83 ly^tj^sa 8 pa iyrs ^"d 8 i^as pn D38^iyi^j 
"ton -8 pa lya^BD^J h t"T oo i^t oy jyjso^yjpniv m 

181 "D183 y^0^83 8 PK ,"0183 WO^#a PK DO 1W 

081 io8d^ yopo"8i8Q h ,non5o-?D8to pa ns-rpno iyi 
■piioo h pn di83 h ,iyoP8i8D iyi y^ton "a ,iy"oi83 
yinopy^8 r y^a^yao h mi n^nyj oo^ot^8n t^8 iio 
pa tji« "a i^o ryyt isa.iyi ypso ,U85 p« rwjwinWa 
tvj83j ,, 8 iyj"r D8ii ,iy^O"t^iyi y^o^^s yo^m U8^ 
.lyuyJ y^^8"38i"8 h pk iy^o"^iyi h pa t^iyu8 

r ^8J8Diy3 DMIIOyi 1^8 0"»D "0183 iyj8P s toi3yi H 
m 1J8^» 8T8 PK 05811 ,D38^iyi 1 3 PK iya?8338J y^'N 
8 p« .; ty"oi83 "in p8 i^38 o?"Div tyiiyj i"ipj8ia 
l8^yo n D^8ii ,y i P8ii8to8Dy^o iyi8 U8^o"i m iJ8^ 

!08D^ yDPO"8183 H PK .iy"D183 1^3 pN 0^"01V jynyj 

.10 ,^n^ip .id "Di83 y^o8P^ni3yi p>« pn to p^n 

yD38P8D H PK P81 .ID ,oy?838^ .10 ,8183 .10 f D"H18J 

h jyj"t "0183 iyro8P^toi3yi iyi r^K .d^od pk i^yn 
"183 ,wio3n yut^iyn h .royiyoj^K y^DD^so^BBP'oma 
o"to n tiyii o"v lyntotiyi pk .r'^n^ip Tdih io8io 
pk oni8J ,8183 ini 10810183 joyiyorK y^8toyjin 
.ojimyo^n pk 0P1H83 ,oy^838^ 
D8ii ,?y^i3ri83 iyj8pnyo8 y^aisayD n ryj"T D8ii 
"183 iy^^o^83 p^k pk yj8^ y38toyi3tnymi «m 138^ 
: iyj"t iy3jujH8i y?80jyo8uia "iiv n ? "o 






13 



5?>^n lyn ]1K Ipno-iKB J?ttnQi^B H 



oyi pniyDJix vd fyn .pnDiyryi is dod^d ipiwj iyvii 
lyasJnjyDBnsa r^« Diyn ,p^a iwyniw/w 8ni»-Dmiw 
•mi^iidjs iypnm iyi pa buphmpvi H 
?bidb> ossein "n D8iya to^n "dim wuwp^aiajn h 
yuanyp 8 |ynyj n pk d"¥ lyomy:! 8 pa JjtfpniDJ8 lis 
yDtny h tynyj px Dm .Dyuma r5*py$o 18a "vim 
-8n 8 d^sbwi iyDyai8 h p$n D"* iyjy> pk + yaiD^> 
px jtftfpnttwa tk fi£*rwi p*n px tx px y^i jruern 
■*fauijn iyi pa yo^D y^nsDDTi h px wi ayi d* 
"&8P pa iijtfpniDJS h nr*tw is tvnw "di8b iyt?08P 
."iys85pGriy:iyj i.iyp rasyp nyi a^is px dp^8d 
-yi iyi pa jji^iidjs iyi p« yaiDt? yo"iis h 
Dm fy^pniDJx la^yn is nniw rx "dim ly^oxp^ma 
d^8 in rp^toDyai&a is ,fr*yjttp& px ^ynDDiijpx U85 
px .D^yn iyi pa naite yt^DD^D^P yDDp^ayo n 
"5dw iy5is„ ^ pa "dim h lyiiyj Dm px isnya nyi d» 
-«a pa "Dixa h — "'DnysoriB,, px C^ya iyn 5ia w ) 
h is D"pD8taisiyj lyjjyas nx jji5p^idj8 iyponDDi«n 
•ty«i»yjiyDJix y^y^js^a riM y^ynDDii^x ypnMiH^ 
nx lyDm tx px "dim y^08P^mayi n px ds^x 
h mi Dni8 DDytnxaoix px tas ByiD n ,yn»DD iyDsy5 
y^» Dsnn tx px ^itwjws t^DD^D^sisp. pa iiDjysx 
iD^xmsanx px oypusiM yovDDnpy h iD^xmyi is pk 
.dx^p rwcnyn d^x f yn8ie>mn iyi pa dd^ r&«nyn*w ayi 
T^x "dim wwp^mwn iyi pa 3jin»5 ly'risx iyi 

H P81 D'w) ,"*pe? H DO 5pJ$B>„ : ?^X .DjyDtfD IP^DVK 

nsa t^x do p^yn i^j Da8D D^n f iy:"« iyiy» .("Di^n 
""•ssp na p]^ n d^pkv f yj8^ yui^DDnpy n pyuy w in 

/DnyBDms ly^^DD^^D 
1"K pa iD^yaDMK "D18S yj^jsp^mayi h iyi* fw 
1818a jyj"? "Di8a iypum *iy^ P« ! too iyan ? p^d^ 
nirn p« wdjuSdit^d'o na ?DyiyD^8-D^U8n dmu h 
pa iyDi8a ids^ yD^iya :&Mm-5TD iyi pa p8 |D8D^ 
h na iDjyDy^y »n5iyn^«5p i^as pk DDyir^i^ iyi 
Djyn h p8 dj 1 ? d^ii ,Da8^iyi ,i a h .jD8Dtr2iyD y®")) 



ij?^niK n pn twjrmjriB ^«s i^n n 



1928 



12 



tnmJiviyDJiN fK # iy3jiN^83-iD85»p H p8 jy^jnyuy H px 
Dn"^»ni8a DyDD^D ypn^i h .ayDD^D yp , «8"Di8S"" , ns h 
(iyjyDp«iiyjfi^jis f iyi8n^"Div do) ly^i^yoj^ 18 iyns^ 
nn nyDD^D ypn^i h .iidpiidd oonoyi iyi pa ?"D 
8 nn TM^n nyn m*\iy) \%p n' n« nyii tonyjiyDjns 
n?8 nn« .iyDi8a yDi^D8i^aDpy p« iyDyni8 pa U82i8a 
D"iD ,ro iyi^t ,3jiayii«3 r^8 do ytfy)) ^am ^imk ^a 
h p8 DyDD^D iyp , '8"Di8a-"iis iyi px imiyn^K div 
f na lyiroyiims « U8ni8a 8t8 px jd8d^ yDpo"NiM 
-pyii8 ay Dyn p^"iiD"S ^D^a jiujniM yinoyi^ia 8 
*iyDyai8 H pa ayn pk nxayj y"j fiyw 
-"D1M*"1'js iyi pa inajyDgTis ayi p"inyi is na 
iyoi8a yDVD8^BDpy n« iyDyai8 H in» Dyoo^D lyp^H 

O^D P8 DO tfi&8 P8 ,"D1M"ID8?P yjyj"« 18 11^08318 

,iyjioj"^p n pa t^tDjyo yv^ w& m n^i8a iDoyi 

-no^K y^o8P^mayi .iDD^oyi^ia yjyany^ m?8 h ^inx 

."Di8a iy^DD^8D^«p iyDm 8 *pik iyi^ 'tD^ya 

"Di8a n r Diyiy^ Di^a ,vx "D18B y^08P^3isyi n 
-8n n # iJ8? px ioyiyDJ>8 y£"DD^8D^8P yDDyu h pa 
is n Dan lyp^jm px ip^vomi r^x *do i^a8 oy d?8H 
ftfli .p?m y^J8J om DyiDixa n t8 ,piiu"8 nyi p8n 

yiy DDnJ81 B^H'JlP I1K ,r^T1^1P \m D1^D181^K D"»1DD 

"1811 l^yii 'Dyjpa vx n« widd ^n w .d^idd ^h pa rf»n 
iyo p$n |?yii "t tyoyii .oyj"8 p»p lyray^ do i8?j"^ 
,iya^DP^ 18a "pi^ii di^i^h, h om ".rerr^ip ^1 .iiya 

.(577 D"T) 1927 

pa ly^inj"^ h p^n ,1924 lynDyiw m 1922 pa 

PK p^^18a ,}D8D iyD18a H DSD lyDMU 8 PK 118 ,DSD0> 

nyio D'Dy^MB? 1^ *"ni8a y^o8P^aiayi h i^s yo^na 
H pk pnis DiypyaoiK DiDiyaiua"?? d^si in mn M& 
-o8P^aiayi iyi p8 iyi8Dtrya iy^n "t jy"i iyj8p^niayi 
■i8D fx oy iyn ,phi* 08^ too D^iy p^n pk "Di8a iy^ 
,y:8^ y^ynDDiirx iik y.5yiita5ipna« n mm) oan8^ 



15 



JP^p ly>U ]1N lJ?iiaiKB ytt"Bi ! ?KB »1 



~m www y58i8i»py5>y 531 pa 127 rtfs ryj"t 1920 

pa : D8Ti38P _ t)jyinyis T^D8iPSDyi i'iss nsiw rayayj 
.msiptfoyn n 18a jhowji rnyayjsa wonw 130 fji^t 1924 
iyj8pny»8 n na w^« pk "Di8B yB"D8iP8»yi h 
tbyiDi8B 5>8twy»8uia .pniDM8-tD85p pa iD^pniMiPiys 
d*d ,«Bi8i y^J8P^niayi h mi loyiyorK yrtfyr n n 
-d^sid^bsp iyi ikb i85d'D813»8pdik d^de? n dw ,ayi 
-yi iyi pw nyoD^i yima h pa iyj"8 .DyDD^D lyt^D 
-iyi ^yn^ttDHy p*itv ws? do D8n "$18S wogp^a 
*pi8 jmk ,B>Djy8 iv PtDjyiD,, : Vflffl d1Si$i%< pk Diy^p 
-«»yi pk y^osp^isyi n ts ,iyj"8 iyiy B"ii ri« 
".n"Bnytwi8 y^jyomia i«p do m^n jy^aiss whdmhp 
-a ■•IK do lyns o>n iai8i to ,n»8 iy3"i iyi pk dsi 
tT»tnytwi8 yDMiyj whsd fyjrn oy ;wfcu0mn*iK iysyj 
n ."tri83 iy£"D8iPSDyi pk wosp^rnsyi in ik>miv 
.lyp^vni pk lyp^rn ?5»8 ism* tiyn n ,Y *HWMiK ypnsi 
yjyTsnsa pa yv^K8P 8 pk ^dikb ycyosiPSDyi n 
18J ; yn8i^mn iyi pa po^iii^ itwyoy^y y^yjfcrvnsas 
,1185 PS ID80 iyDyni8 h iv jj«aiv po 8T8 DJSDi8a n 
lyposp^nisyi iyi pa ajsaiv in ni irttrws P8 ddw 
i8^8?Dann ,tdisi iyis 8i r^8 isj dimsb n ."diss 
in h .-uteMi* h pa dj^ib d^8 ,die^k tfgpte? ^mk 
oit85 oyi n*iWMW tf^as pit? Dsn "diks y^osf^ms 
-mih yoMU d^d dv^k in comb n ."fo^ iy?ia„ 8 pa 
P8 wrw P8dd ypn^l .tresis NEut"8 ya^n ,juyi 
n t8 ,piyo^8 ayi D8o do i^B8 Di>mia n ^DnyBD$is 
n mi p&vq t^Dsa 5*fi Pt8 *pik ,iyDyni8 H iv Di^ys8 
~8»n iyi pa n^yas D8i P8 o^iya .^Di8fi yfcy»D8iPS»yi 
h ; ?yDt^j8 mi iyo o^j iy^yni8 n iv »wim ly^^sip 
.H85i8a in« ?yt^^J8 ayi iyn8 t^8n ^tDisa y^^sp^mayi 
■vj n i^o lyj-iaya ^oisa iyB»B8ip$Dyi iyi p8 
D^aj^8 i*n tDiyoyui8B n .^y»yo ,y>v8t^8^i8 lypi^ 1 
P8 DJ^n .oyvn^s yt^^ytD8iDD yi>8 wtDDyaiBa pk 
"id iovy^ p8 t^8 P8 ?8d^8P-dmij pa 18^18 iyi ^jyoyiD 

Ml ,!DyiyD^8 y^^DD^8D^8P'DPl^ H IV 5^10 MT8 ?D1 




, 



pa obwi5B"^»w 18J wiyii ,iDD^8nra8P _ DMi^ h pa 
iyv^y m :ot lDi8i !i8 si .iD^njyf»8^iDy3 do dw^p 

H T8 ,18^^^n8 fK OV ,^1DM18 18 D^D tDDyD18D 

T8 B8 Tt ly^rat^ D8?P r^tsD^^^^WP P« laiia^iyim 

?yoiP i8aiyi p« r mu d8^p ^^0^80^8? oyi pa ^3^11 
-DM13 h t ^Di8a ly^osp^aiayi iyi 1*8 piiidmk mv »n 
iy>M io^8nivJ8 nan y^ iyns 18J IW*M idd^8d^b8P 
■18Q ,iyji^^^p pa D^niyo iypnn iyi lyi^ Da8^iyi , »Q 
^iji iyvJ83 iyi ?iM8 p^pip too ,1D8D iynyni8 118 iyo ■ 
m»«5 118 ts^nyiya rypnyos iyi na |D8iP$ivn n D811 
-yi h iyn8 osn ,^Di8a iyt^D8iP8»yi 1^1 WJya ^^ 
n mi ,iy^8BD8^ lyoynis iyo r?i 18J ^Di8a yt^o8P^3iB 

.!D81P80yi 

m pk nww nsnya T ^ »tnM y^^8iP8»yi h 
t^8 P8 18318 iyi lyiiya t*8 n iyvi d«* 8 p8 d^pmid^8 
t2wn D811 ri3»5 i^k mna yjy* na iyiwiD8^P in nwiw 
-^ly® 8 pa jjii^38t3y iyi imp ,m^8iyiya i^yp oaoypya 
-8ioyi h D8n o"v iyay^ p« jJiioyi iyDin^8iDjyv iyp 
y^vpjia yirDPiiDDJ8P 8 itbivdih D8ny3 ^Di8a yt^^8iP 
Avmw ynpo^8i8a h pa ;ai^pMiDJ8 iyi P8 
h tyiiy: i8i P8 d^m jnw^iWTa iyi tyoipy^ f8 oy 

IV 3J18^V8n 1^8 P8 «tt18B iy^^D81P8»yi in PS y^MSB 

-ya n vw p^tWP too ? ^iya8^Pt^ ly^yj pa y^8ia iyi 
^iM8 iyj8Dt^8n. i8i n vn r ?pww3**wa y?8^v8D yoiyuy 
ti"DP8a P8 p8 ,iyuit8n D8Dt^ ?iy> pa DayrDD8D^ d«i 
l^yp ^nya8?P^ tDpn^isisa D8i D8ii ^di8Q h nsiiPJ 
,a3tfPMt»» iy^^D^8D^8P pa lyoisa yiysyn h 
iy^^D8iP8Dyi iyi pa id8ih:8P n jw«t 18i ajn 
Djyinyis i«a ^8D j«8 p*p n*iw o^Miiyi do "> , 'D18b 

D"V iyi pa D83DM8 VWO) .?B8DB> yop>J^8183 H PS 

pa 33i8ii^aM8 oyi 1111 o^ruayJpa 8 !38ipy3 d^i n iyn 

-D^yiltll H D811 3J1^^D1V •>! P8 ^D183 iyB»MP5lS8B 1V1 

P8 (.jy^i iyJ8P^mayi n P8 tasioyarns D8i 3Ji3yn8n 



17 



yifyp ijnn n« jy"Bit« y«Ma^$B n 



■dvd^ yj^5p n pn -it$DP8a lyp^ye 8 www no lyo^n 
-#Dyi 8 ?8 ,DDya >it8 i«u y^i8iD yg"D^$a h pk 18^ 
WD8iP8»yi 8 ttfjm iyi *mK do^ii iyD#a iyt^&8ip 
-'town 8 nt^nu 11/mK dts^ yi"? lyJKP^msyi 8 pk pt 
"^DinpiijDjn iyi nn 5"d idmim 8 do d*h ,$pwm imw 
n Diyn y^H8iD pa dib ayi pk i^a8 i$j ."D18B lyp 
lD8iP8£yi n .iypiD0> ^i^ik ronyv "D18B y^DKiP^yi 
y^yj^^n^iD yiy^r *mn ijdh DDyn pk dikd iyi pk 
lyDOyyj iyoip td d^ik .jsDpyBn pk (»dwwi J-tfim 
I'd^d iy"Dtt> d^ii ,3ynn-D' iB"tMt£tt* D^n itD8De> h iv 
-8d iv rarwtt y^D8ip>*Dyi n pk ,yam"K w dob 
wnruw wosoiyayBm iyi [^iw .wsd^i proiau 
-$nyi ly^DD^Knyao^K iy^ot*D^n iyi pa ,y^D8iP$Dyi 
do pna pip wp iyn p5jm iya*K ( ninn 8 pk ,y^D8ip 

jypnanK 
do i«j tasn dikd h tk ,iyprnyj tyo m ,owm 
iidkdph "wnytt^'o iyi iv rmj&p h pay^yjD'OK ivjk^k 
l'3»j i^8n D^iyny^ ryasn osn .?y"Di8 ypn'Jiav h pa 

.PT8J81B8B PS yJSIQ H TK ,T1K in D"BBn8a .Jinp-iyrra 

DS^yn D»ii ,ra ?p*dp k ?$»y58 pk ,d^b*s jk pk y^yto^ 8 
PK ."D.18B w&8iP8»yi iyn pa nyaonpy h tsynsa 
d»ii p^8 DP8B iyn ?8 ,jyjn pw p$n iya no i$j iviyi ' 
d*h sim« d^kh ,DyDD^D yp'K"tn«3-" , ntf 8 |818S pk Dy 
"iyn \"P iii do plow f "Disa iyE£"D8iP8E>yi iyi pa pjtf 

.V^wm 18 m i$j ,"D18B yiww 
t^p f DiytD»a-iyD?y lya^N twri pk j^inynni ,hk:^ 
."iDisa ly^Di^a 8 isa ^jyosuia 8 »ii yjn do ^dj^p 
D8V1 ^Djyinyia |«k ri^n iyiiy,i t^8 jnp-iyn^ Bin w»t 

■W !••« D81 .1J8J8D8J 1J^^ DD8 D^a^ Dyi fttfttflSM* D^H 

DyDD t^k 1916 pk ;j^^myi d'j^d^h pk ;i^o^ , n jyn 
-^8P p8 iyo^^ yD8^y i^j p^ipy^ tv D?«ni »5«aiv 8 
18£ Djyinyia n*«W oo >ibm»p j^d^ii tsJ^ii ,yoi«a 

.pDiyD ttD^llV 8 

t^N oy T8 jiy^piyi iyj8P^mayi yui^a h pa ypo"N 
" ,, D8iP8Dyi iyi i8a 5Jip>DDyi8n ymwtpv \"p ^do iyio 



lytayiiN n p« ajyiwyns iks pKi\ n — 1928 



16 



yi^8D n •i*«^n«a ,, j*P ^dd dd^dd lyD^or h t^8 oy 
y^^DBiP^nyi 8 Di^DDUpy oy ikii »n*3 ^^ ^n ^^ d 

iyi pa d^hj^k ya8^yoiyp 8 m taiow^pjia d^ii ,"Di8S 
iyi pa ajsaD^susB Vwn iy^ ."&w* iyt^o8P^n*isyi 
-8D iyi nJiRiiBHtsa Diyn y^8?^8nDDnr8 lypn'Din 

ly^'-DBiP^oyi 8 pa nyraonpy iyi isa ojyosuia iyi^ 
iyi d^d^8^ DDyn iyi pk .w\$o lyi^^o iyi p« ^Di8a 
-Dt^yi y^^DD^is^s PQ ^Di8a iyi^^D8iP8nyi iyi pa m 
iyayi8iy^"8 ^dd^^d^sbp-p^p oy^pyo yo^iya pk 85 

D8VI .1D11J8 nt8 Dy ISP IV® n^lN ,^8D^8P iyD8^DDyn 

-dmiji P8 n^DJ8J ,, a-Dni^ h tie ^i^iynKn iyi uv? Daoyp 

.dd^k iyi pa tDp^8nDDii:pK 

iyi t^mv T^iyDJiK t«p ^do f8 U8^jy 10 p« 
iyjyay38i di^i .^diks iy^o8P^mayi pk iyt^^D8iP^Dyi 
ii8 n yn i»D8jyo *n »^tD y^ , 'D8iPSoyi yD?y?8 i s » 
iyD5»yii ,iypi8fi *n i^d^k oyjyni8D^i8a oyi p« 
;D8inJ8P"D^ymyia ly^^KiP^oyi iyi lynyj ^8D8 r^K 
hd lypnyny? 8 *n ,Dt^8iyD^ pa 3iv-DytD8 iyDvy^ iyi 
pk DSa^ivwonn Tt Dt*n ,"vn*M iy^^D8iP^yi iyi pk 
oy Dy^vH8iD Dynyii ,y^8iDDo , 'Di8 wd^ii iyovy^ iyi 
-iy^K 18S ,Di ,, D8^aDpy pk tctfsnyaaiiK d^idi^d 18J nyii 
nwnyiisa ni iDjyoy^y ya^ytK pa ,tpjm* yt^K^tDisa 18? 
.H' twvj pk ^^18 pa piyo83 i^D8JyD-Dpy pk oynsi 

»iyp^D 

y^8DjyD8Uia yDMu yn^iy H tdp81idmk oyii oy iyn 
tk i^m ,^oi8B y^b8iP»Dyi n byii ,uk^ nyi ?^k w* 
ypnjayis^iyiMi yi^K a^v ^yt9W»D8TW ps^^nj^K-oo 

K11D DMK I^K H IT^D^K 1jf1« — ^DyiyD^K-IDK^P 

oyi a*ft* Jiyii wt^iiyjas oyii n iyis ^8aiyu8J8a i8a 
eyii D8i .y^n*a yi^P r«P ivoow do dkh n dwi 
Dy .^Di8a iyt^D8iP8nyi in pk f^f I^^d 8 hfcBW'n* 
,^do ^n^n 8 di5bj"8 tk nn^8i8Q pk \v5mw i^k Dyii 
1W ltD^8n Dmii ,mna yD^iiya !8i8B iy^^ iv^^t oy 
iy^K fpnn do t|i8n \m .^dikb y^^D8iP^yi h iyo8Tiv 
o^Kiiy^ y^y^^H8iD n iw tyj"t iJ8? pk ^ dwi ,nyn 



19 



yi?Ki nyn pa tj?"triKa j?t^ia>^«s n 



y^Jnosp h pn tst^rrnins *n i^m pa mjyas yrtfyt8 

.IB^Sm tD^niW 1PN jyj*$P ITp 

i**j 158s "diss y^DD^vyb h pinvDJiK vw$ 
n iBDDjysjos pn n ?«ii .lyjsp^nayi pn i&8iP8»yi h 

jy^aiNa "m ypn^i h 

^P^DISD"^ p"»p D^J 1PN PN "13183 yt^tOD^N^D H 

"d^s^sd iyi uyp B'o 8i nyi ins /'•diss yagfo^ru"* 
inii ,pi*t i^ iyDPN .pwtffottjny 18 wn m "dim iy^>D 
-dpin in^i lyajpia dot "DDiyrnya* ijny»»vpwn iyi 
8 t8i8S r^ 18J pn oy uni ,*«n^o nn ; tannine 
vjysnw pin is pn y^8iDD^Di8 dnd^ y«"DD'5ipjrifB 
d"»j pyjny pn DTDDnpy ,"-»yT5 h„ mid"* y^DD^vyo 
n n i ivd >"di8B lyt^DD^s^D iyi pa y^spjsny vp 
-18B ly^DD^^D iyi ris DBSBny^yaayj iyi jjyii ki 
.yoitftfyv* iw^bD^8^yD-»yoa pn nyn^n iyi pa ,"D 
lyjyayi in *ii8i iyo p^jro t^n ,na ?p*be> 8 i8J pn dot 

.U85 pk tjin "a 

f8i8fi jyrn "Di8fi iy&"DD^8^8D iyi pa pwmwk 
-jib .lyt^nw iyi pn w«k dp* in je^o oyii ,i£"d »ti 
.lyiyus iyi pa yj"« prensa t^j *n fym ^sdwdsi 
wrn d$i ;nw5*M8j Dnyi yo^ h i* Diynyj osidp p*n 
DtfOTtfJbgj inyn d^p ^dd^s^d y&?8 h pa is^^yi h 
.DoyD8ia pa *nr»8B 8 m "dim yBMDD^8*v8D h 
di$bj"8 j^dd^^d pa fyom h pn ?^n iDjd"vi¥ 
Dsyi ,iyDyni8 yp^Nia^-ioyia pa ^^ iyi Djayiyjirns 
"8i 18J in Dt8^ p« iyj8b^yjay pind&? b^d^wi is*j pn 
wwrno yp^siafcriDyia h pa n^qntMip p« i^iyn 
•p^8»-"Dbiyin8B if iyi pa pn tbsnpyira 
■g^yo lyi pa nyao-D^Qj^K h p« t» nyn f ojbm 
pn .Di»nwn*ny»*?p pa tS^e yrn^ yo^iya «t>*i»i 1 ~wdd^ 
4^«iyn^ yo^iyj foy^ya2"8 ins wn yn^yto«p nyi 
( ^58ii .a pjyia pt a^n nyi pa ?D8"iPKo«n y^snyn^ y&wi 
~"5n ?8ntDD«nj^N is i^osp nyi pa i^Diy^b nyjyryiiyj 



lyioyiiK n n« a:yinyis n«s J^mi n — 1928 



18 



oy .p^sn ivj^rx b^ "H0Btt«* n« oyn ."tDisa iytr 
oy tD^n lytD^ii dv\i ^o^d ^wwjnw « »i r?8 nw r« 
■nwi'M'^p H ts ,DP8a » Da"5n Dy .njp^nsa p>k pn 
-j^p iyj"t D8ii .lose y^mtD^pnJN h pa i^^to pn y^ 
idd^nd^np y^yn^D yonw ,y^^^yn^N ny"? pn in5iyanu 
-yoyn nyn pn r^8 w lyyt .mD^sto^BP v&m *?"& « p« 
jyo isp D«n ^dspdjsJp p« *i»iyj 8 "en8fi iyt^^8ip 

D1^^-ID8?P H 1«"»1 ,n8DE^D8D !^8.P«^ 8 ^IPN ~W*\&P W 

"8J pa ^8a pn m ^aoypyjo^N ^ii8^ 5»8oy58 epj nyn 

^di^^n ,y^8^^v 

■ h own ,d^i »«'ww wo pid is<!Dp8a jpnyi oyn 

D^tn ,m -iy®PT] dsjipiv i^n ^^d ,"Bn8B y^^NiP^oyi 

!D8to^ 11a Diyjnyiiya 48 ,96 H pa p8D8JyD 47 d^n iw 

-J^tp PN 1818a \vi"i oyii ,445 H pa B^Dywyp 194 pn 

5»ra^ 8 t^N a^to n wr\ "Diss y^^Nip^oyi n 
-soyn n pa nyuyb n jdp^b^p pn pna^iyipi pa 
.b"n^iNiiyrn^n s iy^n ioy:i8a "jv pn disd iyi pn id81P 
-b% m in tiPN ipip IV 18 nnn ,yiyDyi* h pn pa i^^ 
D8ii n ,iyini yiya^i h .Diy^iNa wgnnewow ,yoi8iyj 
18 pnn ,iDyiyD^N y5yn»pn3^« yuop8ii h n^jyiyiayi 
y^i$i n •itDD^swasp xnjy^i ^pn m in ?ipn ipip n 
iyi pa aji3"5iyu8J8B iyi iv ira r^n I8P 33W"«njn 
pn nmyrrN !^8DjyD8uia oiv pn "Di8B fc wt38iP8»yi 

•ypnyoM pa ny^ i^^^^a 

pn oy nyaJyii pn Dy^^sia i"n tp^d I8i8a pk oy 
iyi pa iy>n h pn $"p*d*$swh pa Yxmvv 8 i8i8B 
-&*?$)) 8 pa y^8ia h pn mi ww* ivw$imwi 
\"P 8t^J "D18B ijwnMPW©jn iyi pn pn oy .wiyj 
pn d>dd .wty^'nuni na y^8ia iyi iyn^N o«phd^dwhi 
iDpsii ian'8to pa y38ia iyi lya^N jpiid t^n mxpvd ; D8J 
iyn8 lyo^nc idnip^oti y^8 .nn^no pn K n «n»»JW h 
pn oy .(ty"D8B0 otp ybu pyn ni8i us? oyi tn ,i«k 
riyj^ay^DPN toyii ^dinb y^^D8iPwyi n T8 nN^^^isii 
d^j i^B8 in pn ; tnn id^ii dw n^a uyii yoia y^8 e^ T8 



21 



Jp^gl 1$*U p* lyna-iKB yBMQi^B H 



-iy»pn« n p« iwjrmy-iB n«s i^n n — 1928 



20 



"T |1K DlttMK 1 1 ^ p IDV3 ]1«H »»t .DtfTlKTB pip B»J pit p« 

,ajrtDD>D -ijn in: T? py^ »n .oibmk y'n»K ps *pr p^rwi 

j;3^t3S«Bf^J?T)?J »1 1« T'l^l »*? filiJI D}? p« # ]tayiB1KS n? DN11 

.'nyi'ivm-iBB ijrn px taaxtt 

t pb$*} t'lKfi iy"tDB> DK11 jysy^KIQ PS lytM^S DJH p§t rt 

nytp pmn is lytDymK pa pan »i pyaoiuKi *pd pro 
*iyyifiP^$B ij;oktj^dj?j ps »"pnjjnsnj ijn ins ,ra lty'SjyaKB 

-d'bv n is nyniMBK-iyDiBP yta-iy^pyjfinK ps p?"triK yon-i; 
B"3 n .ijnjnj^B n ps iddkq h pimsoms no ,i#^W 

JTlSm K pKtf "JNT DN11 yiSl^Kliyi iyB"B^KB K "IKS ^H PK 

taymK nyi p« mn *vk j$ia no mb*h$s j?bmbd^k»s$d n ."bibb 

-Kn n pninjn is pn«r -pr p« p^onjin f p^nDnK ps 

'\pns3 pN'ruy dis bvs dkii jmnyBD'U 

d^p ivd DM11 tt\n ^^jy^oitDjrv y&$"DyD8B 8 pk om 
iypu^"r nyn jyn ,D8n rvuorn DaiKnyj .a .d njn *pik 

H is ,tPPiiD yiyD^p i*$j Diya^y;t too ttfsn d:h/dd"dd 
-DDiKP8n d*^ "Dn8S lyt^DD^^D nyn no Dfis&nyTB 
rvansa iv *n na ,iyDym8 h pa UMK n pk host pop 
•ty»n yuaoyp yny^i jitfanpiw pk 
-*toUMn h T8 ,iyDym8 nyjspnyos h r^vnyn tv 
pa jy"tnsB "11V H ,iy n Di8a yt^^BiP^oyn pk yww 
■"in h iyo-isp DD^n ,D8*wi3 i"p do p^n .di^sd"^? 
nsa ytytDD^Btrasp *piv h .motr fiiv&ip &d _nytoy:t 
y^^D^SD^aBP yjya^na^yjD^N is ,D«n^na s pvn ty"» 
iv iTn iv »D8?P"nyDyinis pyp D^vy^ t^k d*#ii f o*nama 
I'-i^a d"bb> d^ii nyD^5>B-|y»y5»3«na « tayii nwawn* h 
pn itopj n pyii \i"i nntfi tyo tyn k>"* « p« ,p^s 
ny'Di^a pk ,d»5p s d^s .os^pnytDyms pa ryoy^^ia 
^a ^d^ i»j Bnnjyittna o%)\ ^^nsa « nsa .os-nga 
.D^jy pk Dpn^D pa iyiy? h n^N p^vjpi 
, M jy^tDi8B yD^s pa lynm,, n lsyia pyn n^n w 
iyin„ n^i^a p« iy vi Di«a yD?8 h pa tidbdph h pym 
pi nj^n pts i^n di^s dd^h n^?tDDypn , 'D^ h ^a "dj^? 
nyn pa oyvpy^ h iv ,p"»tDfiy s pi miD pk TPDiyny^a s 
nyn h tv p« njs^on pk y^vi^pyi ly^yins nyopna 






t 



V 



"dpi tk .t'Diyn nsa youst? pn Dyayaas ^dk D^n ,d:^^ 
rl'Dy^uauJ pa DT»aya /^isa y^tsp^rnayi h o^n i^djkp 
pi ny» ,t'iynyn pa t3T , ayj ^'ema y^^D^s^^D h pk 
n«a nyn p« 4^11 h pa d^v pk njnnsa in ^ % o p^k 
D^ayj "ta-isa ly^^D^K^v^D nyn pk tt ^^^i i^^njywsa 
d^p iyn^ dv^k ,njKniKQ tjs^py^y yr:?ytK iv y<¥n«a« jk 

t fim H PK Toy^aK^ D^D IP nJUIBD IV ~MW\> ^viv^ 

-^d pk DaK^iyn^^^-^niKa pp o^o d^vkd nts^^enmi 
■« d\j nt^aK ^Dnsa yc^tDD^B^sD h Dyii ^y^v^a^t ^p^p 
.oy n Di^vtDpKna iny? pk nyn^t /d^kb yp^xi h jyoyj 
-ya bS^inm Pniv 5jk^ do t^k ny^nyn isbppi dsii d^i 
k pk r ^Di«a ny^^DD^K^v^D nyn pa i^niy^D d5k h^p 
■j^'-a |ovy^ Dyn ns0nKa o^n .a + d h tk ,r^pVKn nyn^p 
^dk D^n dsii — yvnsnta oayi ynjaoyp h — dk^ 
i^k wiiy^T»5aiiD8p pk Dnttnww t^K^iKP n^K Dpyny^v 

.DPDi^ayi-^K^v^D 

pa t^Diy^D d?8 nyaiyi i^dppi pa ^i^pnyi h 
tk ti» ,b ,d h tk r »t*Mwa "Dn«a ny^»o^«^»D nyi 

y^DD^siv^o h pk D3«n .DDDyi ayii TapK pyp« ivjkj 
nyi na ?«© (nyjyDpKpy^apjiv) ny^K^yD^K t« ^dikb 
nynyj^vp»yn ny^va* nyn pa f y^snp»ipa i^sop Tno 
yD^yp ,i»3«5 ii» wmnya rypny^K nyn pa baKt^nyn^a 
-d^k ^yi pa tDjyDiniDD3 ,, K ny^jsaiw IK D>n n^K pa ?^k 
"SB iyj8Pnyo« D^tn dio^d^t dw f yp^fi ly^^D^Knya 

.tny? ^osjspy n« a>nr5 
n Hi ypo^K ?ipk Da 1 ? ?du k ikd hi*ii k t»jd*5 
yn^K iik ^dikb ww^vufi iyn pa ly^ny^pnyi ynvy? 
nypnm nyn pa siivna TriDK oyn lynyn 1^0 i^yn ,iyn^a 
tyo$j p« tTn iv r^K isj DiHjyDynB ya^yp ,y^»r^»ni» 
■D^rm D>*n oy d«ii aany^pny^i k pk .lytsyms n pa 
ny^^D^K^v^D nyi pa vivbipyrpy yJw^'VW h DT^y:i 
jd22 oyn ny^^DP^ pa "nyT»5 PJ» pk Dpmya r «oi»a 

:yn«5sa dkt .to jy^aya ,1927 

DHUNiB pip do pun p?iiB"i«a yBMBD'teoiBBp 'nn h„ 



23 



ypjp ii? n T p« vjp'bins ysMaPNB H 



yp8D ?p$n kud »? ikb idd^8d^S8P h £*i Dsmss 

♦do kud pvp «? tn$n iKanyi 
d^ii jyiD^DJisp h pa iw^s ,ijninfi .*n dd^p 
,tosn f 43*im PK tddPk^sd p pa p^iiya D^nnjn pk 
-»a ,pn*r .w pk ajiSowwe MP*fcPD5tnf*D 8 pHWDirn* 

: ®m 

"lyajniN yttMBta « p^jj jonjn p« ij/ayn-m n pyn v»„ 
iyi p« ,p""ibd n pyoBMK ayn jij nyi p« iynN fjni ;jivjyi 

PD py^ P« D1BJJP>N DN*T Byil ,B3W3 p« ^jni 1^ DN11 B"* 

'un ,pyn apn^anNS p« btij/jisn ijniuDBjnnN itt"BDPKB»s$p 
."pfliiya B»Pty5B$ bo nyns tyajnp t^n dj? mi 

DW«n na ib^p na ddip dsii pitidmk ik pk dssi 
ly^DO^^D nyi pn iDjyoy^y ytoDD^y p is Diyny^ dsii 
pa ppnona p*p do pk D*n tk p0p pk oy >"Di«a 
pk Din .D85ppy&ym8 T /ta ^s pi^i onyi d$ii ,"tri8B 8 
k D«ny^ djsh nniso jD^ppymmis us sjjpoyi \"p do 
pk D^ppyDynn^ pa aaivari y'nnK ik jy? 1* D**n»»5w 
yt^DD^BtD^ssp \"p pyit Dim rs bd"ii iy pk -ustoyiisD 
-•bsp p lis i^Dt^yn p -dpp"d18B do ixnyjDDi/ms 
.tonnwonn pyn wj ,d*^83 do pyn rnro v^dd^sd 
-k^d isn lie y^8iDDO>Di8 p tk ,tDi8ipyi do tsp #ta 
ty» j^ivi pk dpJs^sd n^a:"8 J«t "ansa -ly^DD^ 
-d^s^sd lyn^prr iyi pa fDn&iinjn D^yoy; k> iwn D^n 
d«ii Dyn *pik Dpipyj do tk janjn pk "dikb ivw 
p^itm$ do ,?ddkid tfyii p"5dij85 yi^Dy2i8~DO yny^r 
yjyany;i mtk p \^v\) iDpy:o"8 Dyn oy ^smi ayi tinn 
oy ^am pyn *pin Da^y^ do ,dohj» yrsi^nn w 1 ?"?] 
ww $m — jmawnn lyj^^p n» lyDMij in mmp oyn 
pyDyns oyi la^yn w »n^ 8 pn idd^s^sd p pd dp^ 
iDynyDJ^-io^p p jpnsDtrma \5t& dvii ,d»?p 8 d^8 d«^p 
"d>58^»d p .D^iKitjta pyn ?DMDt^y^ !?«t p« iyDy^i8 pa 
D85ppj/Djm8 oyi do do ijpyi pk y^8nDDo^oi8 y^^D 

.ly^oa^n ya^yr^ 

PK "1318B HMMDD^a^WP P PK »"P9»5p1M1 1V1 PK 

d^d i^yDt^mmm nn nyD pk ny^ p8 d^p^ iDJ^yj ypo^x 



i 



J 



l 



ijjtaynit* h tut BayTtyns i^fi i^nit n — 1928 



22 



4 Id«d£> yDpo^Ki«a p pk nDn^D-jDK^p tia TWJnsa 
ivwm 8 pa ytftfsiim nyty^^wa,, 8 pyn \i"i iv 
?^Di8a iitDm 8 i8a d$ii pK^iyay? Di^a t^k "^disb 
kiw byii ?Da8^nyi^a D'8isn nyDJiK y3»5nw^33"?P 8 
? ID8D iy oyii y^vi^nyi 8 ^Ka d^ii ? y^i5»nyi 8 dkd 
P8a ^o^sa 5»t D^ii /uDisa i»a^5 8 pn oy ^p8i nyn^ 
y^^D^8^*D p t*p D^msa pk ? iyDyni8 y^8 ipo^k 
8 pa yasna nyi iv DDjnna^ ni iy» ?nw do ^dibb 
-«a nyi »yii ^d y^8 n oiyn d^ipkb ?«tn*a iw«? 
? jjiv iDin^8i8a 8 d^d "oim nw^ 8 pa ajuyii 

DD8Dy5^ "D18B y^DD^8^^D P D^H DJDVy^ 1^3 

D^tn n Dtjtii p^bd8P la^pj^aiyi ayi nyrrK ^did Dm: 
in d^d Domn d^ii .yo^ni^D^ya f jipyi pk DTayjoj** 
P8 iw^Jm ayn pk ?nyDyai8 p ikb wnyn ?^k an nm 

^D18B iyt^^DD^8^^D iyi PB |8P^t iy^y^B« /'D^PSII 

t"ii>"0 Diy^pnyn d«ii ^yn^nj? 18 i^d iyj^ay: janvn pk 

T"11?"ID D3^tt ."D18B iy^^DD^8^8D iyi pa JJ1K>V8n P 

: ^yp^Dpy nyi 

f yBDK«l J?tr>BDpKt2iB«p »1 Pi Ml yityt H ]^T Byii B^pDK^ 

lyii ^jib-ins -iy»iBD*^K»»«D ij?n ps lyiPjiaiB ps Ml bo p« 
• -«BDn« n px id«j? n pyDyianw pyn iy^:«n in ay^i d^ 
pnp -iyBj?nn« iy3M»ii oy inn vdnjj P pyn ,|B3Jtyj j;t^iBNip 
-NBDnw n pnp d>* ^smi ,mnsn ^a^ ,B^pDNTpyttsnH ^s mts< 

t „lB^i?A y^B8"ip 

JJ>lyi PN TBDPtPSKD n DKTI ^NT yp^^K |N1N9 tJTJJiM Dy„ 

dtPn^nd i'b'o i«b l^ B'n«^ bkh DNi ,jv»r)H i^yii pn lya^P 
.BiyiNB bm iyiN"o iyi D«n p«t tya"? dni .qtPnb^bkp iyiN 
pyaini dj?i lyjMiy^ pyn D«n d^dPhs pn tB^piaya iya>n dnt 

".BiPDiiN^ nynni yiyn ps ona^ 

pyn Diyn di^d^ ^i D»n td d»ii Jypwny iyi 
Diyi oy pyDyni8 nyina iayn d^d^jk ,d^du8? nyipn 
lya^yt iyi w^o iyDyai8 p pa josa p ty5iJ8nsn nyn 
w*>P \w i8^"*^:riK 4D8j y^ ,| D8"iP^DDP8 p ni jjims 

ty^J8n8i Dyil ^Dn8B y^^DD^8^^D >1 T8 f p^DJ818: do 

m *1dd^8d^b8P p iy5iJ8H8n Dyii n m m* iyDym8 p 






25 



y^i 1JPU p* uM>m«B ytt»a^$a »i 



dvd^kb ny^T jD^Dwniy djti pk MiaftiKmyayanK iyi 

01*11 [TIB nypȴJ"K in T8 ,?D"11 "? .ftTWI yDKD I'm 

~mp^ jfpHjyttB^ia iyuiK pk id^^pj tjik t^o fttf#n <n 
nynnyi .nsJoyo b*J pk pkt "iiv h pb w^k p'p .y^V8i 

.*n8B> ptk sibsp in pk 
"dik h pa ?yn n pk ^Jiayiisn tstjv TntD in pk 
^bi8i onpnsii n pk lynyniK wnnrwjni* pk ytDTPJsns 

•l5»yfi r^18DJy0858B pK >11 HD 3"1B iyiyp18D£> ^D 8 

in t^ayj ^ikb onypnsii iyi pa Bfimsnyrfvittiu h 
-:pk y58Bjy»8njia pk lyoyniK n wm nsftwDinn 

-ions ot*n lyo^im pk tw«? lyoyms h ikii ,?ynaDn 

.»feyio^{j» pk yjyi^nya 
"i8B y&^8a px pw8d y^^D^itoi^B^t ypn^py h 
-8>¥$d n DTayajs D^n oy d*ii ,d)wk&&8P yB>n8BjyiD85 
-lynni 8 BTs5yny:rK mn jjkJ n*r isa "Digs y^^DD^ 
iyn D^^pyaa^ D*n d»ii .lyoynis yuaoyp h tik f>ii 
dki .DyjKBDKp y^nKDjy^K^iKB pk in iP^^D^n pa tynn 
onypnsii iyi ikb d^bsp ami ,bp8B lyivtDpyw t» pk 
b>dj» pk nnnivDnK id k ki pk nyi jayp ^d**3 r ^i8S 
Dyi pa onK in T^n '•diss Dnwm.11 in pa njrp5a»nD h 

tmk n"»iny:o$ djd^ twny n^tn ^iks enypnsu h 
-jokp yrnK»jyo»5nM pa i¥8«ny:rK ipnynya 8 fy^pni 
yDD^t^8n pk psn iytoyni8 ?5i$* yonu ^D83 .oyosa 
-*$py pk ibd^iosp pa Dag'tnyTB h BtfsByrDsj f»«v 
m — ,itD3yi y?8t3jyD8Uia y^o^^i i«a ,ibskp y^D$j 
D**n f ty^iaJH8D-Doyni8 yiycyn i8a ,nno^ pk ajiny^yn 
iv iskp pk DJ8*»jr H tyiiy&8i ,£>TPJS3iis pn iv dmti 
h m i^B8 iyn** iyj"t — Dj$B>pJsenrK tayp iaynni83 
ID8D yt^p8B^^p pk ?^t ^r juw tttn^yji»B t^j iyt^yni8 
iyD^tDt^ PK DlSfiJ^K It^DD^Kt^BKp ^o^«b pa in to'nM 

iyn8 no ty» .onsrtD^p 8 *pik ^ikb onypnsii iyi nsa 

t^tDtyivD^N onK doip oy dsii i^nytD dyi lynsa to> j inK 

-yi iyi nvo iytoyni8 iuin^KBD^D 8 iyn$ edduid^p 8 

,lDJ8Jynv^ nw^5 n pk iyiy^DDyii8 h jjin^a 



ijrayniK n ]i« tijpujriB i«s i^«n n — 1928 



24 



.lyD^Dfi^ P18 1 pj pk ."ftiKB ny^^snpsoyn iyi tia i5^tD 
r^8 yp8t^ Diyii iynnyn «id^dd ?k isa "udd^s^^d,, id 8 
iym:i y^DD^siD^asp y^8p^5 D^tii ,aju"tnyn h ny^a^ 
■J8P y^tDD^s^^o yo^iiyj iyDB^ r^8 n^Disu^K DyD^O^P 
,P8db^ vwnyi I818B tyru yp8D lynnyi pk .tasTn 
d^d i^B8 itDJjya yjyi^i8a pk pkd jidd^s^^d h dsu 

.^di8b ly^^Kp^msyn iyi 
■nyn^a nyiy^^pKyi tk nnK ph»w tD>j ,uyiiDDynjia 

D»11 "018B 8 r^8 1«J ^D18B y6^»l3D^8^«D H T^K r DB8t? 

.ty^onss y^^D^swssp D?na ^iiv h pa Diyuny^a^ pk 
iyi pk pk M"n ,nyii o^iJKiKn n pd ya^yrs d^k'pk 

■JD8?P 8 183 T8?3 tnp W^ "B18B iy^^D^8^8D 

-183 D811 lyoyniK [8 1KB iyii<t ,iytoyni8 ip^nDDiKiisa 
I'nsa nD nyuaoyp 8 m .Ytevmo&v ?D>n 8 ^ow o:^ 
8 *11 ,dmd ^Di8B y^^DD^^^^D h ?^K D8?P"nyoynn8 
iynyni8 n iikjikb d8^p i^dd^bd^bkp nv*t ]&vn i* nn 
i8ay3 8 r^8 n^J n pk lynnyn .in pk db8ip i^j n o^n 

♦lyayaiK h ikb 

nw "'dikb Diypi^n h t^k nD iy^n8DJ808^i8B 8 m 
d»ii .p8tiiK y^n 8 *n lyrn oyn ikb .nKiw ny«r r^8 
yjyn^iKB yn^K pk iy^8 .tDinytDJiK d^j j>*i ibiki to 
pk f «iayii83-nyDynn8 iyi pk iDyni8 pk ?yjjioyjiyt3JiK 
"1KB pk pk n ni lyp^nayip d«h *»nM onypn^ii n 

•oy^8BD8P yt^n8DjyD8^ 
nyp^j^N iyi ^dikb Diypn^ii n pk a«Dis oj>^n 
-yii8myDyan8 iyi pk y*p»n iyi w ns ny5yj»^n^a» 
iv yvn^B^t yuaoyp yporpDiKiiBa yp^j^K n t^k n jju 

.tttKBP yDP^^KIKB H PK y^P8yi iy^^D^8tO^B8P iyi 

uyp cj »>? iBDyp ,iod^id«ip h !3Dyp8^ Jkii pk pu jjni 
d^d una v^nw* iya^^ ^a m^ii ^n j^DDjm \"p 
una nyptsj^K iyi T8 ,id«ii n^o jnp lyn^K ,tjik 
in ?^t «t tS'^yii pk ,nna 8 t*»n i^p niK i^mv 
pa ^JitD^iDpK nyn to^nyj dJuii D«n ; jnyanyoJiK 



\ 



27 



y^^n iyin p« lyntsiKB yeMD^Ks h 



lytaynK n p« tDjjn»TjnB i»fi j^ktj n 



1928 



26 



pk "m nsayjrnn pk iy is ,tny5p*8n pnrc jjs5 tyj 
h pa Disatos^a n„ is iwn83 \hp iy pk tdsd^ p^viya 
'\iy^m h isa nsnos/j::** iyn r»n iDD^Dyusia 
n dpk tDDynos omw tapm ,anD D'ay^as^ dju 
,5ibdui&"is:i iyn pk oy .Dnyiyrvaj«5p na iDjnyttf** 
D^n .siw isbswd lyD^o^s^iK riypn^psn iyi d$ii 
iyn pk Dp^tosn in pk rtowiiDrK h is TD^y:^ vt 
pa raisBnsa dsi .1927 .iws tsyi iyn**Dp$ wjnyfijw 
y5yiiD5ipnj« h jia la^isa D*n ,u8bb>5^b> tip'&gjtfpy 
-s$ oy'pn^ip mi ,&yi ti.fi u5>$b y^;^ h pk i&"pnyviB> 
on Dyi D^^oyj lytrnri &sn ..Dast^t^yinyis pa in rag? 
5st oy is >a Mrs tpiK "tnsa ly^JSP^msyi iyi pk 
l^trSsB Ds^iyn-ar^p ipn^nm sis i^bs rpwoiin 
jpvwm lyjyiynyj v^ pa Mnw s iw jnyj w sis*i mi 

-j»p too m.tfyii "nvoyiasia,, m "itywiiww,. h 
-$»yi h pa iyuns:i ,"Disa lyam t"p PS itkid^d 
-d"0 y"j rt"iiM in r?>yn oy n^o ,iyjsp^mayi p« idkip 
"d5h w dsd ptsna tfyn >n •iy«tfp^ntw8 yMwy«nmw> 
iy>n ort Dyi p« .jDSiPsnyi ns lyjsp^mayi h d^d 
"? msn pip .td^pdsw did^o iy>n pk nr> dud^dpsd 
-iyi pk PB>80 lyjsp^mayi iyi i* pyDstnsa tot^yj in 
iyi .assyo p« JmiMVP Dy'prrJip iit^is w ms? 
-yji dsh lynoa^ i^s^yo issn^-iysisa lyjy&nyrnrs 
pa hwdwsd h n Dy^iyojns in nrs m ayii Dyi nni 
-D\iyi 3HjytD^5ia d^k i#p ny pk rffnawnn-o^na iyi 

•lyjsp^mayi d^8 pyn »int3 

oy ^ani rj^in ^a mts ^im« ,:m:my*o iDjyjiiiD^K h 
-^nv yD^8 h pymy^ iv nD ly^^yDiiDD:^ is t^x 
iya^ t>s oy .nasiP yiroyiasia s t>« r dyDD^D w^^oim 
-opy pk lyt^yms h 18B i^ay: yt^DJiy is p^d^m^Jj 
■djs iyi pa jyn p« i^d^ s t>8 n .lyDisa yt>*^D»i5a 
s — lyoynis pa "disb-jds^p ny'noK is pa ^i>pm 
m ojy^^D^^a yDs^iyn^^^p yn^yis .^disq isn"5 
pjina i^p d^j iyrn siw ps omsj ,Disnpnn nytDDa^ 






t 



yiyus yomyj isisa imn dj^h isj iy^n ^sp«:^ 
.sjsdj^d .sfcspsi pisj ^^•'Mi^Djya pk jy^Disa mia^s 
■yj it^sn^ yiyus pa i5"& pk pk isd^^sii .sosoyj^D 
so^ iyaj? pk oy .Dy»v8T^sn^ "disb nw^J in ura 

;iyDPSissnDSD s pa "tn8a i^3 , »^ i^p 
pk iDjyanDj^K h iyn ,iyp^Dn ^a \v))v: d?sii oy 
-D i k urn janyj i^t (ns^yo pk oyujKp ps) yiroyusia 
myDsuia ly^'-D^t^py iyi .lyjsp^^ayi yiyJnn 
-nas H pk is^sroapn in Dj^ay^ yan^ iypn^i iyi pa 
■dmk is Djooiyo T'N P^^ lypn^ti iyi .lonnp y^yiiD^ip 
-pK^n yvJ8a h .D^pjinaivDiK ly^yniD^ipn^s pa pm 
-nyn^ dyi a^ D^^a^ pn)*5&a lyjspnyos pk nyDD^o 
- ,, M , i^ iyi pa T^saiyusJsa div idtb dsii ,i^nya-D^sJ 
-^Dt^ i^^D^j^py lUDpsii nyi n^iv .oytDD^D lyp^K^Diss 
H pa i5"& pa ^i^n h ajuyiiss h d^ tDJMiya usot^ 
jyiDjy* y^yntaDnj^N n pk ly^ynis pa pk iyrpnj"5p 
ns T^t^ v Hyiya sasp^ iyi pa i8ns iJy^^as oyi pk 
n pa Dyj>>K .rom^a IWii 5yn^nj; t'd lyraya it>*n^? 

: yua58B d^i f p^^n rpn^i oyi pa iyi^a 

lypwn ijh pfi nntai^ nyn in u>d ts^n Dni«j "Hjt3»jyo„ 
IBDyu dis tap'tDDyiNn t^k iy . , .tj«^ p« Dyp^^»syi«n ^big 
a^yTnyiB p^yn pimiyn jyj«p nyttymK n , . ,i:k^ p« r*PB 
pis i*k f«tD oy iy:«p 'n .iyo»B^ B'»myta n \ittn »n .pn »n 
IKt^inynys ]ypny&g iyi lis »d^ki i^t'isigi"]^ nyT ta>o dddh 

-np ^ ainj b»j ,dmk arni ^i>'n n«i iyi>>t lytayniK H w 
T'K Dy ,D'N3i^ n pnj?ny:i isKiia^Kn ii« wn* -uyj p v m 
lyii .p3«s ny» p« y^«t>jKjiiK ij?o ^iny^p»M« ^yo p^mj 
njn is non pn nyoyn^K n t*?yil ,pyn B3»n^jn tayn p« dkt 
t»k dj; ni r iBHptB5jnyj ps iy3«»Boye»t2 y'no« y^yt« i^tni 

-j^k,, pk "lyirDyi^ia., iyi ts f Dms in Dpm ny 
Ivjsj pa pi^n iyi piyii n in m«^p p^^r^itDjyniD 
D^n iy^p dpi5p ip pa d^bbod h pa iyr>K .tDDyo^ia 



29 



1928 pa \bwi h ps Ditt"tt 



1928 r« Wl H r* D1t^« 

ID 8 I818B IW«t BPJ1BU8DB> tt2"DD^8D>S8P pa 
"ID8D 8 ft«n TtDD^8t3^S8P H 1928 112 ^8 H 182 D1B"K 

.I8i«a "I «a pk dwk "5iy58 — dib^k pa yxpnsia 

nyii i»n id 8 •t*B»^n*na i8i8a pk r$# pa nyna 
i^^n^ia aim wiDDyuia ,i^k in spu* idvjmd'im 
iyiy^ .1928 pn 1^811 H pa w*$ y^pim h pn dij 
1«3 PR I$B»3*n*na T8 ,&D"H I^D^i*3 iwnttD*5*t>*a*p 

ni ,iy^tDi8B yp<&D'fcD'&gp jn«a i * k ir*n 18 

"D^U^D 5*fi '1T8 18183 l'M«» Dy # «t I^MH 

-18B lyc^^P^mayi iyi pk is&^nma uyn m^nrp^isa 
."tDi»a iyfc"D8ipi$Dyi iyi p8 un«a tM"t Dy mi ,"d 
rv5e> 8 f niM^n vj pa wnv iw^jyo lywJmayi iyi 
t«B"^nma pa Djy^8 lyjyi^wya 8 pk >ik nyi:ytDD pa 
,»p"ii»:nrc dkj pk d^dd ^pnDy^iK pk prt*5ip pk 
I3»n in two y^8 «i -ins 8 'ii ipiid pk nspyo pk 
ryrn o«n un$ nu pa BytD^Kiip iyi pyn n^tnyt^K 
jy^Di8a yiy^r \w*m wivn d*ii iT'mytMW p*p t^j 
-i8a nyjgp^siayi iyi t?rp5ip pk Banpsoyi iyi nupyo 
-«na T8 anu^i d«ii ,yn8iE^nu iyi pa ?"& nyjy^ toyiD 
pa iDway iyi>tta^yn d^i DB81P :nnn 8 pk t^rrn 
-yi iyi pa d*dd D8ip^oyi iyi .y»V8D8^aDpy-iyDyai8 
?yj"T "? >"n ,t«B»:pn*ria uyp m»i B>ny iyj8p^ma 
D85»p pa toyiywK h it*5 DyiDin T8 r w«ih»^n B'j 

•jmh "i ta^yn 



? 



lyayniK h p« twjnnjnB n»fi i^ii n — 1928 



28 



vim'pp h pa {d^8 tyj"f i*m ,iyDyni8 h pa iyn nyis 
.pyii Daoyp83 "T hid yD?yT8 d^8 pk ^dd^kd^bkp 
d^ iyj"t iy"iDi«a ytr^^sa y:yanyr ,,, iT8 yiyiJ8 n 
iv tyowya d5»ii oy dsii i^B8a Dyi pk d^d Dyi enyii 

•«i tayii pints' 







31 



1928 1»K t^Ti h pa Dlty^K 



"ljjoyrw h px tMin»vjnB iks p&ti n — 1928 



30 



iw^t D"* lyn^ynyi p s ♦TDSDty lyus^jy PJ n »a 
ps ,d^d^ iy^n *pin Tin f>Mn d$m rvpjua tsnsa 
.*pn«D nyi nyjy^Pisa nsa f -iyj8p>5aiayi n pa nr»n n 
?g r^s in Dmyii ,ynyijs rn s ps mi ,y^sia iyi ps 
jytg iDsnpsoyi n d#ii iDay^yj po nyi 

-*5«itojy* pa yjsia n is ,oyi nyn tik pun iyo 
.ns"N yp*MMi $ pm ^t Das^roDSD^ ny^siyiya iyoin 
yiDSip*rma onnoyi iyi pa Dnss lyuopsn iyi mft* 
do iyns oyn ib^k ypn^i n .i^n is pn is^yo oy tayii 
yn^a .p»b»«p tuyoip nyi ps y5*n yuD^sa \"p i^b^ 
ddsd y5>8iyiya H t« ,i"S jyo^ty ry^tnsa yt^DD^SD^asp 
+ dp"idd ?iyDy»&m w iiyn ovusa *nsi 

.jrxsrujp -6 

ps dsi 4P»tn»P pa yasia yo?8 n isnsa ps oy 

-ty^onwB y^DD^sDiasp yr*a i^nw ib^k is 5soy?8 
yi«a ikm ^sa nyp^j^s i"s ps *n ps ,mvw tw^t yi"a 
n vd m$n «n .n»»^w iyi *imk yj"« ,nss ayn pst 
jnsw ps 5oyp iyi is t^nt? dvii po"B>tt i'd*d i/w^ya 
-JSioyi h nsa Dnya^y; do D$n Jbijspd m*n dbb^d iyi 
.1924 ps .awnjn nyi pa tasn "i mi >b mt« tdsip 
mis ffWfi^ t^J "t isa twi 5«uspd Ty^D-orm nyn 
-iyi n i^as .1928 pa Psn h ps .tasn *n ^smi ^d 
tyarna do i5yM ,ld^dd ps T»yM ps ^sijspd nyi ps aji5"M 
piyrps idsd h .wnya m n^n itosips^yn h mi iw sts 
i^st n r r iyjSD^y^s^ iv t^to^ss p^ny^s ps lyj^r nj»5 
du nyan ps yvfin^P .yvsnsp iyms tDjynyasMK w\) 
oy .nyjsp^msyi ps itssipaoyn h ?»mw y^^ry^na h 

.yj^ yosi^^oya s p« 

♦rp^in nnss .7 
ynayoip h ps ^s jnJMjna s pn oyn n iC, yi d-isd 




.py^B» .2 

]"i too ^stDjyosnjiQ t^yii ny^w pa y^sns h ims 
-nss m«a .idwidwi ps iya»p^aiayi r^Miv ity« pip 
h isd ny n tD^ h nywi^nsa w ^d^sb s ^j ta^wfi ly^to 
OTid? oy ?*bmi ^iM8 .oy lansmynns ps idd^sdissp'DM^ 
,iyt}yms h pa oyv^Si n ^imk ,is^i^s^ D.pyinDis ,m 

•Mnya-tDtyn ny-i .3 

y^sJ^^SJiytojis pa y^sns h nyn nyDyB^ nyi^ w~)Z 
i~\vi) # dj^^iij ii« r5 h ps oanyrt3?yn nyi jya^iH^rta 
L)n^ yjyi .ynsic^nia iyi ps ty*n h j^s i^is yoMU s 
-ifisp nyjspnyos nyn .jyoipya m: 5'Mnm isj t^s nyni>* 
nyi nyms >«wjn i«tj pk dpjibijsd^-jds^p nyt^^D^SD 
n^iv # nyuyt3 n wmi ; id^^djs pfn$,^yjDM« »*j yasna 
TP^iiDS3 nsa ,5»8iDiasp djsjiq P8 d^qj^s n^yopsn oyi 
iyn^ vi^m vsmivB^yp D^yvi ps too i*3£yn ps tt 
oyi ps A&mw ps o^sn .rjwnm^ ms &*f nyynar»*fi 
^y^iDSiP^^yi nyn ifm^ n^^iyojis h nyii iJ^a^ ^jy»^a 
inn to^B'ga yagia nyi lyn^s lyn^isa lyjsp^nvByi ps 
inn nyi^s f iyunsi Dj^yj nyiyi pa loynytoJis-iDS^P n 
-iBSP'DJsra n ,u^ ps TDyiyto^s-iDs^P yss^nnjus n 
lyjin fUDiss y^iDBip^oyi n r^s iw iv^d^ dsm jodi^d 
ps ipi^^Dsn in ^t ypnyos rs Dyi i«a 5»ia mts op^s 
yoMia h lyjn? oy mi ,djs^hj m« r? nyi^ panyrD^yM 
-i^iByi nyi pa E>yD8is n t^«3 d^d i^ i^b D^n n^PJBa 

.cinSQ iyi .4 

^Tus nyi d^m did pi^ n tyuya t^s yisia ?insD h 
"pyjy iyiy ps DB^s^yi in dish (hdisb y^^DsiP^Dyi) 
"iDSip^tDyi iyi pa wot yoMia h |-yiw oy r^s ^d« r .{w 

»5pMWW D1SD iyi PS .MT8 DO DV PN DJi^l *nD1SS iy^ 

s isa tyjn? d«m .iDD^snDDnrs *?w yiyoyn^ s r^s in 

TDD^snDDnjis h nyi isa jya^r oy mi Dpjia f ^nsD wmh 



33 



1928 pto^ni n ps Ditt"« 



-r« n ipn^Dnsa 1* pvttdmk lymnttjyvjjap nyn ?yj"? 
•iDDnya h Tin D8?P i^dd^d^p pa iDinyo . 
-jib> nytDDn iy?8iyiya nyn dot i^pj^n^K nyn 
nyn TD^mn d^ot ,yo"Vi^D:ya pk nyayaoTiB D8n nyp^D 
^t i^pj^n^N iyn m« ,i**or Diy^o nyn pa_ dmd 
-n«a n na tnisp d^bid na di^ss nyn -pyn d35»dwd^« 
yo^rrmi DDyii pk lyjsiBn-tfMp h T8 ,td % 8D£> yDpo^a 
in na nyT^o h ittfJnm iv do Myn y?ia D*n p*n 
nyoyms iy*08 p« do y:tfyii mi* ,Dnypn«u P v d nyD^ov 
dot Dtftrsa 8 pk p diw"D n pnosov i* jpYgm&ng 
oyo ny^ nn^sisa iv onto nyn Mvwsn nn n^a Dijm 
n« nyny^ .ytnnosn^DiK h pnoisms is p^bobp ?3s5 
nitfis pa no ^"toediniiksjdsJp na pjia 8 t>sn dot ,nyDyn 
nw»n n dot D]^p:^nr« n ppsjipk d«pjd**#ms 

.D'lns do 
pa nyayriB n nni8=i «'two«3 pyn DiWMKtww^n 
:n*r yajK? nin DaoypyaoMK tnsn «? dot tMJwnnsn h 
nnn lyDoya D*n dot ,oy^*?u*rw vwi imoisb is 
h nsa pyu n^^oya *n»n DJStppJStpnrK .tyMmvaMK 
,1928 Pa p"»BD8P 5811 pk dwk yrj^pTVi 

,jpxB?^8:n$ iik p^ntso |ia twin dki .3 

DOT pyil PK ,|OD^*»*MP H "3 DODPP P*p DO nyo 

,p^hdd nyn .tnnyJstt wsru m wvJMi r^8 nyt^Mi 
.rvwi nyoMK o5>ytte>y;i oiyii ,nyny:n8 n na lyiiya 8 mi 
d«h -o^iiwas anyii ys«pJ8:n$ nyoynns ?« Ml ,t8or n 
p« xpvspjsns /ynn na D^rvna .MtiosnM na o^yn 
tfsu n pk tssyp I'o ttio orn y58 h im — p^idd 

.1928 na 

.q^p nn«a *4 

n»a itfin y'riDK n^a ^iosp « jma no lyoynn^ ny-iy^ 
-d^j p» ^dj^k D^n aanoyn -lyjspnyo^ h »nyDn»a h 
D«n n dot ,rw*w P« .ik^i lyj^^n inyayaa^ 5«so8 



ipajrniK n p« tDijrTuyis iks i^kh h — 1928 



32 



-a$ ,nyn M^oya r^yii pin^a »5v5« .1928 pa t^p 

na py div nyoi^a n waivw ,m D^rDtrisa y^nyn^j 
jw Dt^8D^8P iwupnwDis iyi •rasniD^n i^dd^sd^sp 
t^k onnp ny5yiiD5ipna8 iyn .Dnnp-nn^a oyi jr«5 do 
.t^oyDyiya -\ymy$w 8 ly^r^ nynu 8 pa ya8na r«p do 
l^8a [pna n t8 r y»w ya^yt8 r^oyDynya h lyj^r r«ii»^v 
Diyn ny .lyosnv ipna h d^d dmk d^o nyonsa *)yi pn 
l^oyDynyj h jyp t oi8a iyi pa iyDVD*nP^8n 8 mnD-i8a 
iyn 18J iyni8a h pa Da:ip:^8 nyi onyp f yMy5^ iyj^n 
nJ8^ pk si t^k Dnnp iy?yniD^pna8 nyn •taDn^wj^s 
pa ja^^iyDjw y^8DjyD8"oia h pn D5xninww« ii'D 
r?8 18^ p« y^^yn ,niD^pna8 pk yi^DyD-DJ8^pn8is 
-ID8D pa n^Dyo iyi p« iyDp8i83 pk ^^DD^KnMiHJ^K 
-r« ny^ , »DD^8D ,r a8P ^yD^ppiD^npn 8 p« y»vpn^na 

oia opy? 8T jyj^T "08^ lytjit? pa nynynns h nsa 

,D1^^K y^8DJyD8"t 

janoyn yt^nppnp^nDD n .1 

yjyvtr^a yn^ ,tD8»^ ytapo^Kisa H pa wwam h 
dot ,niDjya8 wnwwp»iUD yjya^ lyj^r ,DDjyDD"i8ayn 
.iyDynn8 h ip^D^nyn iv ny3yaDDym8 h pa nvo8n pyn 
■iy-i »yii nnx njn pyn D^^iy-t no 1928 na tfsu h pk 
pa niDjya8 y'Di^a 8 t^« v^v)) ,ajnoyi iyn pa y^8"i 
-"18 h ipmnyi iim pytDyo^yv iv r D»5p i^ , dd^8d i q8p 

.iyon8a yDyi8 h pk nynyn 



.D^jvpa^na^K .2 

D8^ 8 nyDyai8 h »imk t? D8n D^nn yDvy^ >n pk 
n •D38^pj»^n3 i K pa y^yn^ay ?8 ( najD y'nox 18 i8Dy: 
-p^idd yDDD8tpnp , i p8 yDDDi^^a^8P n lyrn iwnya 
dj8^pj8^po^8 .nyDyaDDyDi8 n n«a np3y38 yi^ny^yin 



35 



ltfi«"pij}«p n 



.tt38T"ia«p n 

,tan5 w oo "tanvyaisa,, b$n mi^p 6m ,tM«? oy 
r TB&««n8ii pk oy ♦oayinyis isa tD8TU8P id 8 isisa 
b*«m njr iyn nsiw »J"iiun b5«m iy pow ,btp?ip r« 

: pvoso »m n^iv tanS iv b*j "tjnvyaisa,, D8i ,?B$5y:i 
iyDBi8K>i8a iyi (2 ; D^iiyn^K iyB"osJSpy iyi (1 
iypi8D£> 8 18B kiio h (3 pk ,onnp iy5yno5ipn:i8 
ynsit^nu lySwo pk tw«>p ,iyDyni8 h tod y^nsss 
*1D8P Dyi BTP08O8T. o^sti dsu — ,poire torn 8 w 
iyi pa y^8P?8io:ys n« y^8iojy:wD38o iyi »yp 
*r o^rn *m5ip rm o^pnioas in &5>$yi dssii — MtT»n 
n !BTijy58B>o oj^pyj osn pttSw .tan5 iv "nmvwiwu 
D8i ; poire tom 8 jayp ^"oiikibb pk wwm jrpnyi 
-^nn-D^u iyi i8B an iyi8nDD8P 8 ww nyns* 0^11 
^n^ip T8 .lD^yaonK do 18J oy pk op81bd:i8 .yns 

iy"t pk tr d^ik^d .tv .no d81hj8P nyi to »*n 
BT5y&8 iy •iDD85' , iD8S8P"D ,, na h 18B B8TU8P ireia 8 
nsa WJSP^ai&yi iyi pa *«b pk P3"i iyi w too ww 
y^uKP^msyi h ov8t^ DJstrpyJy y?8J$nr8J pk pk ,"B 

.5"B PK M"1 l^ 1^B8 "D183 
"ip^fi 8 PK tyTl«5 *10 .Hmn5 .10 I818B PK itrun 
8 pk diss dsn ,nyj"K iyiy^ D^rDt? D^T D^K ^ /W 
.no d>o t38iy^ ruinn D8i iy ?yii .imitf .10 .mofta 
,ty:ir^o 1'iyosa t»k b'JtfT'ya D8n pk iresso d'»d£* 
8 pk tfsay^nB pk pk tyw P85»P^a 8 !8Dy:i D*n 
d^d !Bi8iiya in p^oaniw do 5d^8 to^n iy .nnrr^op 



~~ 



. 






nyayiiK h nx-ajyiuyiB igp ^»n n — 1928 



34 



■sin8b pk •'V ,nijno d^k uk? lyp^Dt^ pk ^ ,toiypy;ipmv 
*i ^ pk ly^iyn y^ynoonj^K h nx ,?yj«8i83 »5np r 

,iyDl8fi H tD^D Bp^«K18C .1HpyD18 H .?1^PJ83 yoniJ 

pk d>j m$y\) ^d^3 rypyj iv San^jn iyi wwm mo 
onnp »i8» Dy-r nyM"5i8fi iv p^vjm ^a *pik na ,bn» 
iy5yiio?ipnj8 iyi pa idko yoma h n^5 oy oijni pa 

Jjnyp^ya8n 



.Djj?ntrr« jfanr^D 



.0 



■vyryj 8 isa i"zmp ipikde^ 8 n^a tn» lyrayiis h 

D>D p1^ri8Q ^t D»11 ,n80^D8D ?58J^^8J 8 e)nK uuyj 

dsii h pk ^ytDyniK yD^8 h pk yt^DiDy^is H wjrirawK 

h pk ajn^jyi n .ynDDn^K nyn pa D^anpw iiyji 

-i8a fiiKi dwii r ojjnw3^K H i8a fi$t jaiKi iynyjDDyii8 

.Dy^v8T^8ai« ly^yniK h pa nyn »re5«ii 

-ny»8 pa yj8ia h pk j»vy5 div d^j iy^8 ,1td qiv 
? s k ryoy^8ia ytoDp^am n pa yj^K ,Dr^8nys?^>K iyj8P 
-nyo8 iyi ni8^ t^k iKayrnDn^ n ^D8P"?8ii tuyoip 
-^^180 pk *in« Dnnn D^ia^onK iy^^D^8nysD^K iyjKp 
-D^8iya^K iyjKpny^8 h .tpjjhipiWP w^t in \wp bi^t 
pa iyp^ya n ugotninni mv ?inK tspyn o^p5>8biia ywv 
pid ypnyos pk iyoyni8 iyiy^ »ypnre8 ly^^^os? iyi 
yiyrjiK bmi ^ynynyo y?y^8U8PD n rayii lomiyi n 
"»S8P iyi ;iyu8i8P^ yua^-DJina h nnK idso IWitflb 

"DPK PK |b8Dl^ yDP^^KIKB H pK 085p iy^^D^8D 

lyuaoyp iyiy .two pk ph5i^ pk iy .oto pk op^niya 
yoKTpim jy^pniojs iv I8P iy d^ii r^8 I8eo pd iyt5yni8 
-i8a ya^yT8 tk P8?iyi do i^t d*h ,mnD y5yji»^n8B8 

-18a h pa jjnoyi iyi pa pyp ryaJ8J83 t5^r owyia 

*ID80^ yDPO^K 



37 



Its jpnaap n 



i^ByaiM n I iK BjjniTjns ins i^n n 



1928 



36 



"3 nynD88:i bya*38P nybbpwa nyn pk litfyo .id 
-aoi8B yt^DD^D^P'oPna y:"t lynij r nw*p^3»jn h 
n»11 D38nD83 |yai*P JlH IP T8 Am $wov& w tw«t imjyi 
do t»p itfya .DST'WP-Wjnnyni nyasp^nisyn 8 n«a 

pa ewH3W nytooyn nyn i^ 11 ^^ p« nynaon 
-lyDDyn nyi w^n pk lypNin ,"Dn8fi nyposP^isyn iyi 

-pn»1B"?D8D I'DWBy W*DD'>«D*B»*D*V& JIB StflCD 

•18B yaB^MSt^JDMi' tin y»*8D8tfBDpy yivoayDa^K ,y¥ 
nimiriri pk /b^d^d iyn PB aavr^ansa 8 ov pk jjid^ii 
smk ! ttasnp^ioyn ypn'tim h Dimw«n dsii ly^anr* nyn 
nyviNin ddip /08^n p« iWJin topna nyi pk D3"i8D^ tyo 
nyviKin /iKBynpyo-D^asn nyn d^k Dan tyo ,"^n„ i* "t 
-D5n»h ^ nvii ibvimm Dfininya t'noK in pk d^sii 
DayiDtonsayi ny^8 nv tib nyDmpyb-iKPW 'K ,nyDy-ipyD 
P« mv3 oaanoyn p*P sdo pk &y .aanoyi nn PB 
*in« nyaa^a pn Dpybpyaa*n8. taw do 5st nyiwin nya^yii 

.ibik nynas m nynt* p^n 

ayp pk pyvi DB^ip-isa iimmn byn disd nyn pk 
nsB nyn p» tf*n i«i pa Dana i'b^n i»dw lyarns 
-r>fi oyn pa HiJp'tiBM nyi n8B ,DDyp nyn p« ;aai*"5>s 
-n«a dd^k nyn pa :taymyD8H yfcwyrb'WP nsa Dpy 
-8D8D PB iy5iB ^aiynsa AKMnwwrui nvi ny Dyna 

Diyn iyn pk /fnyiiKin DTDnmJ 1 * vw mn /DytaBii pk 
d^jo bamnhrd^ii Dtfwo ojn tayn »n ib« d^ uyii 
.inwi vj pa ^tiy nwDWWD .D^»a ffi^ t'nyiwin 
-nini pa nya»iw 8) y5»D8B ny^8^oyp m pb i^aD^ 8 
va pb 5nK TiK-uyDD nyn pb (5ay»D ^d ipd^hh t^jyi 
nyn .niDsnnasP D'nynwn pa Ton nyo^n 8 r^« r ^w 
r« ,1919 P« P^^b w® 0V1 nx?nn 1V l^P^^nr« 
t^« owl ,dp« nyiw? 1 oy-i pb Dana i'an« nw^iya iayawDM-»8 

.I'nyiii^n fia n^iiya tDD8ai8a 

^yto^yaDMi8 5o"db> I'd^d aanisn t^k non^o nyn i»a 






iyi pa |>8ii ^yw-\$ h pk n«^i nyoar^D lytnymn 
h pa ya^K t^k d*h .1920 pk «d*h« iw^'8p»5aiijn 
\m\ 5did id 8 t»j na8D ^y ^j#3 ,jniK5 D»m8B tssnw 
pk pi lyaww bj«n pk .lyonsa n w DB8^oa>nB p>? 
?»v yopna 8 rya^t jynis? 18a T8 ,jidn pn ov .1920 
jr^w^DW h no n^j d^ too nyn^ o^n ,onyioi8a yi"-\ 
casB'^iDia 8 D^n ntn •D8nn«p 8 tin r^N wtn 
nyuyn^ 8 38^ WW 18B lya^yp iypi8D^ 8 r^« iy 
d»ii ,nvi d^d aivnw iDMjj/a 8 D^n h«n •n»D8nnyDMi8 

8 pU IV Ml D^P iy 4D8D H PB 181S^ H Diyi iy 

yaSyrs .ty^MDPK nu d>^ lynJyrnyn p« pn t»pj83 
inn iy«? o^8^ya »«wd«v npii tDBscaa^N "y38?pnyno„ 
"i8n lyj^Dnyn m td»J .yn8i^nn iya8pnyD8 iyi pa 
t^k jayiiboyiaia ^o 8 jynya ny p« K'^^sa .faan 
,\Vte"m iv pi DDiKiiya D^n own /"to8\, 8 Tvnw aamsn 
-83 Dj^pya aJ8?n^^ ny D^n i&mv [pn»i ayn lyoj^n 
■3«d D'Daynnyne,, Pd^ tyosriv "mm d8b^d„ oyn id?8h 
■8D^a8P pk .yvan^P nypnyTJ pa yni^a viv pn "nyo 
.D^8^ya ny^D iyn db» Jd^d^ 8 Diyii p^D^^a iy^>too^ 

iy t sm8 b^p i'd^d ypa^a pn pbdmi iv pi d»mi nm 

PN ^'3 jyaisn-nxapyo ayn di^tj818 D^tn d^p ,iyi pn 
^5 H8BPPD oyn n8B DD^D^ya p$n Diy^i8a h p^yn 
h n8B bb^t^ya ?n»b8jyo yiyn iin mn n^PJ83 n pk 
Tyn8a d^po^^p 8 rp^n r^K ^i t8 ,in to , '''D^-i8a ^yoisa 
ny^r tsd pji8P 8 ba^pya D8n \vpi$i yopna h .n»iwa 
lyaiKn-nNjpyn oyn n^K^Dyp ^t iy /t^n^ip wjnnjni 
Dyayanya-pt8 pa lypn^nisa yayanya->n8 h lyn^t ;^n 
"t T8 tyaiayaDPN p»n *m pi oynaw — >a n^yi di«b 
ona Y$V)B vwpm do dwi — ,m\m Di8ayaa^ jya^? 
IP pi PT8 f n>8i^Dyp ?n nsapyo oyn ^t ny baynnyia 
"8» i^n d$ nn .5^3 tyaiNH-nsapyo oyi BVK$byii d^h 
-5d^d h i^iiv n»3 lyaiKpya Day^^D 8 n8a nm a*n ynnw 
•83 Diyp Di$p f b8ina8P 8 ?^8 nm .Diyoi8a nyboyii 
■p^8 pk n^pya ba*^yaj>n8 p« iy £^d^3 .bpany d38^d 

.DB8^Daynuyna-yvpi pa ?DDyp 




39 



ttaginsKp n 



nyajmN n pn c^n^B ins \bwi n 



1928 



38 



D8STD nyi Dpyioa8 ewn D$i1 ,iyi ds$i pk iy .y^arigp 

^>8ia8PD D1$1 

no ,aa*r *l tyis lyas^nr^iD iyi hpwb tik pk oy 
iyi avo D^t >p« iy ^jisbowp p^wv^v 5$iviwn iyi 
.•wftpiPM iyi pk nt$l .ntfB-nun pa lyosa iya»5vytya 
5p>bp 8 dsh aa*r .iyt^a ly^yiw* iyi t^a iyni$ ,iy5>8ay5 
pfp iy"? tDO iyn$ ,"Di8a lycytDSiPfcoyi iyi P* wbp 
.twwow h ianp ty^P M*t iy T8 ,oa8&? ipi8BB> 
.nyti Binn85ia$B Dyn t^oo j^dd bdip *iid nn pk 
^idd "5ya„ *pik nyn uiyiayya nss^yo wi tyo^a pn 
y^DD^K^ssp-Dnia n d*od tDyioi8a 5an id it^y? pk 
yonwa 8 in iya^n D$n iy .iynKin m opaia iDyiytorK 
naimsa d^d lyoniya 8 pn pk castas pm jyoanpya 
pk iy&p 8 isb ipwidtis m t¥P dsn ,5»n ^aynyo ana 
t^iasiiyaoiK nts iyn** l»a ryp pion lypnm iyi :ayvi 
Dyii oy *yn8ittnin m 18B n^yo 8 pyii i$a 5$t oy ,pyn 

.1D80 H ?yiWT85B1»8P W lyaana P'T 
•ISO W Bit 8 ni D"11 ny .50"»tt> 8 ttHKBnSB t^»D 

d^d nyiDi8a iy .pants 8 PW81D iv m tf'M d^vi iy 
n na^n l^nynsa dsvi joyiyt^K ypnDD^iit^iw n m 
yt&n&D^s^asp h .1924 pk m iy» ,«»ma y^D8ips*oyi 
-I8fi DJ^n pn jya*n wi .bisd pk ooyii iyi na Ttoayny^y 
,H8pyn mi ^tansa ny^^snp^oyn nyi p« huiwa m^ntD 
■>B8p-D^n3 nyn .pniv n^t i^b ta^ »n n»«iw oa^n W"i 
Dj^n "onsa nyt^*D8np»Dyi in p« p« dd ' k nx;n na ^stD 
n pa 5«ntM»P d'd^dd .f« oy ism ^i nyp^ayo 5*ow 
D^na pb iy:«t .pi^ 1 vj n«L3^ pk lyo^o^ y^siwtDpyJy 
n» dns ."tnsa iyty^8ip^»yi in pn d^k n^a ivu 
oy lya^yii pn ,ypt^tDjyn y^^iynn^^P 8 d^od p« dh8 
.dd^b iyjiyr^« iyi*wnirDMia 8 tD5*nm t s « 
p^vjiii iy«t i> % i r« lyaaw^HM yp*t)V^« n iyDJi8 iw 
5»v did^dp8io iyi 4iyn af^iiiyi 5»t t^^o T8 ,ajwfi»n 
.249 lyrn ,iy^D8tQnm i^p d^dd dw lyo^^ y5»i*t3py?y 
yT>5»D h m« i^as .266 tyjint ^8i iy d»ii dio^^io iyi 
iy t«P ,m iDyina8 b^a n« t5>»d p»»» yp8D ^t bi8D 









iyi pa nawii h nyia^ w d8ihj8p iyi d?8 nsiiya 
-j^ dv^8 tDiyii D^ni ,Dr^8^yao^ iyj8Pny»8 iyi .nion^D 
Don8n iy jyn d^y 8 p« r-woytD-pitfi^ yj«i i8B isnaya 
Pi8Dt^ iyn t? tDp^D^J ^ty^^D •'Djy^iay yj^r d*»» ^ts tt 

lyp^VK iyi PK ^181 dsii pyiiKin ni D8*Pia»P 8T8 VH 

"<)#D)n pk dt^syn^K iya8pnyo8 pa ^sd^d iyi pn f ya8^ 
pj„ iyi pa |jmy:a*$ yp^j^K i8a t^k lynxi.i ,D"P»n«o 
18D pk ,yvi5^iiyi ly^on iyi pa lyrayi iyi "p^n^ayi 
iyp^j"K pk i^k iyi pu iy Dyvi i^siyn^ p«a vwx 
"8B*a8P d?8 a^aiyi pn a^iv ; o^nfiyojyo iyi pa iyoyi 
D8N r iyp»v3«« pk p"»8 iyi pn iy oyii ,D8^8D iy^^D^ 
"i8B pa ,D^pn^DDyni8 pa ijk^ d*$i iyiiyb8i twyp »yii 
iya8pnyo8 oyi Tpi8Dt^i8a p»»«»"5a pk onnp rt>ai8^ 

•Dt^snyaD^K 



ly^Syii ,uy5nyo pa ywun i«jiyii8j vmp DjD^iy 

PK tD^I .iyiaU83 D8DE^ \W PB DDyi D81 *in« D^Dt^83 

rn^i Myi-DD8Dt^ 1KB ny^^t pk ny .y^n^K oaa^n^ pm 
pa ynswrimnia iyi nyn r^yaya ^r oy ,^a nt8 ^mk 
pb rD8D^-ryjjyia yjy^ pa yj»K tk uy^nyo ^ikd nyi 
iin in DDy ^kd^kp lypn'aiBv iyi v^vk pk # di^j iyi 
liyn D^niiyi ^bn nyn« >*t 3^id:^p d^ip pk ayn pn 
■u^dis pn pa D"» nyi iyoaw 5kt oy pk Djymyia d^»8 
iy rayii ,p>nDD-(8naT^8 ly^sa^vsa 8 pyiaonK yv8ioD 
h pa oayi d»i ibb ynKB8P h ro^ia^s pikde? du in 
n^njinaiv o^o 'wi mianyinta ta5»ii ^kb 8t8 pk jdko^ 
-j^ik d^ii p« tD8D^ oyaya^K pm pa DDyi D8i pt^inya 
h pa jy»n n pyoyo^v iv id8i^d y8^yiyia upwyi 

.iay?nyo pk iyp»noo T8iat"8 

y^oayinyia n pa iya^« m« pk 8J8Da8D pa ^^n 

H 18B t^K ^^tll ,p^8tD8P 8 PK iy ^Dfcp ,DypBy^D^ 

pa t^yii iyi j^k onos^p lya^Dnp pd 8 itasiP^oyi 



41 



"tolKB 1K1"S K 13 






pe yrmaBPK h pk oy dkii to38"io«2 td*5 bv»x 
to ♦IfclW B"D^8fi pk DHttnytMD'W utmw .lyoyns H 
.iVDynns pb "Di8B-tD8D ypHjywDD^yr |«p d^j m^n 
-jjudsuib h t« r MM5a ^di8B (yj^oD^iD8P) oiypisyi n 
lyoyriB iyj8pny»8 n i8fi »"ov dsii jrntHDM* #wd 

IV t*K ,1928 TIB tf>8P H PK DiyDIKB y&TtD8tfBDpy pk 

,^18b i8n"5 8 ?Trj«:n& pk tt rpw*ni«fl 

D"¥ JIB '"13183 yt^BD^K^D H tf^B8 PK ?P» T'tD'D 

nyn lyaany&piyi yi^K ; ^8B i83"5 8 ikb ,&"* w 
8 raym txpnyTHyj yvK pk B^iayx pk twiiwai* iy=i*s 
n mix .""dikb lyvroyiasiB iy&m 8 na y^tfawi,. 
iyDyaJ8 ^r ta8DtJ> ytspu^KiKB n px yira s^romsJ 
iyt«t px ,"pi8B lyas^iyaTna^p lyt^ii 8 pb diip oyi 

IDD81D83 DDJiy ^T "D18B Wt>D^8^D H ?8 .185ayD 

n t8 ,nnx pk oy .ysm lypnsi iyi pb 5 "to 8 nyn ra 
d^j D3^n siyi "diks iy^^D^8^^D iyi PB BBK&nyTB 
nw iW8 ia?8B lyaiyn pk dpip^h .dup ktk layu IS8 
-an lypnsi iyi pk 18^i"di8bdik dtb D8P ,*d*5kb 8 

10yitW"18 ??8T "T T8 ,18^y»D!K DU IPX PK Dy .MUD 

"81V3 n D8P .DV1 *P1K 3HJyt338 W2 ,V')ZW2mP 8T8 PX 

18J D^8n 183"^ ii8 ?8^""iynyB typnyos iyi pb y»B8iP 

D^KJlt? H IB81DGP81 PB ^D^KB ytDTB81pJ8n TK f$ ^8 
0^811 "D18B lys^DD^B^D W .D^IS H tyjP?83 PK 

iyi pe y^ipsno n d«p ,top8B iyi aisya tra i^B8 
-8»yi iyi d>d P8inya38 t^a ^8& D8i &8n .5 ns .fl ,x 
T8tsya oy D8n n pi ,iy"tai8B y^^8P^aifiyi pk iy^08ip 

.1924 PK 
auya t3^ t^k oy T8 ,ma ny"t id^ii idd^i»8P h 



irtsynK n | ik ojyinyiB ikb t^Kn n — 1928 



40 



tk m\ i^B8 pk ,iyD^^ y^8i8topy^y 114 unp ni8n pb 

PJ ,P18' PJ pyaiV D^K PK I'D^DD IV tDia pn J5JW D^8T 

,uy5nyo ,Dip , »Dyj8P ,uk^**8 ii8i ,D&ynB>tD8D8» ,nip^n 

r^8 i8J iy tsyii j^djxpdpi i^bk pk 8i8iiyj ,8J8dj8d 

d^ pk D8P rJyp^D^ v^mptfy 249 pi iyo tou p8«i 

•tB8tDt^ y»p^^Ki8B n pb Djyinyns nyp is juyj 



43 



"taiKB "iK3"'^ x is 



-i8D n u Biyu iy» r5x ;y^xi y^nyayirp^ntoD nyo 
"is h »j;p dx^p ruenwi its !DyiyD:px h ps piypH"» 
yaDSstwyosnaia n i8fi lanxp h nyvi Dyimrr .lyDyi 
px ^tD>5^B iyo iiN nyn r^x lybyinx h pa tywny^a 
fSytw iv ryjjiKiisyj nyo p« iwd r^x iw«? lytoymx h 
»jp$ 81 jovvjyi h la&ypxn iv n« jjiioyi nyi pjyp in 

DP1P ^DIXB ni|D"5 8 ixa 18BP8fi lyDD^XDJyDXUia in 

1U BID Dy D8N M1MIS DO .DJ^PJ^TTPX H IS 1S vr 

•8T81858P 118 8"H8 ,lK)«N5*WMI PK b^8 

^D18S 183"5 8 18Q 18DP8a ly^XDJyDXUia 8 1XJ 

MB in fy^HDJX D81 P8 IDXDfc? JWO"in$fl H pX 

iyi pa *im5 P8 .dx>p lyDyrnx Dx^D^nj^x ix 
->a^xiip jr*iw Dinn iyi rwiya iyjy?p ?^x nDn^>D 

PX y^81^D>8 H ;iyDW18 IDTS^^XIIP DO [18 IDTS 

lyDymx TPway; 8 pa jjtfpniDJX h nx pftmewftg 

-xiaopy lyn is ,|ynDDn:nx y^xDjyDxuna h px D8?P 
anwn iyi px D2"iD oiyoixa lyjxpnyox pa y^sxna 
nyi p"5> ffitfyn nx dx^p lyDyaix p*5&«ftj"K tx pa 
8 *rix lyDymx h pa "Dixa id«5p 8 ixa Djyos-uia 

.Dnxn IDXO I?838^8J 

~"xixa ,iy»8TPTii x "'bi8fi "H»v5 w 8 px ,w»m 
n ixa Dewy: i^n dxu ,iyDynix jwitf wopo 
i^ax.iyi8- ,t'w#KDitf ixa .lywJoiayi iyn» }D8iP8pyi 
18a tye*DB> iv tpn do ixj jyj"t ^dd^x^sxd h ixa 
-18 h do ^dixs 182^5" h ^byv^ii ?b»ddoid8P nvi 
W"i ^ .ipo^xixb is rt lya^yn mis ,ttffi- 8 lyoyn 
yijsoyp H ,yoixa^8P px lyDymx-nn yup^iDD h oy 
lyj^D yjyo^^yjD , 'ix h ,p^ io px lyaynis 1"id-^>18J 
-xp px lyj^o ynjpftiDD n ,yu^n^bjy6 px 8"n8 px 
iyi nyiv ?ai8iiyj mp idxd yt^na n id 8 iv — 8i8ix^ 
^dixq 181^5 x ixa aitt»5 unipu^ij 

d^j lyi^yn ixa np»iPDyi:xia pa p^^inna njn 
pn tDyii 1^811 ypnjyoip h px y^8PJ8ai8 lym/mx rrx 



lyayaii* n P« ttjyviyiB iks i^kii h 



1928 



42 



138^ IIDD^IOSP H JD1XS 1*P"5 8 18a M^D^X IS Vfa 
$& D811 ,D81^8ia iyi8 D18St385fi p^p 1813 DU ?80J^P 

JMJtojnte yiPLjpy^x yi^xo wx »in*a pn o^ 

iW 1 ? 8 18a tyjjujHBi y^XDjynxuia h iyj>u o^n 
iyi D^xa .DJD^iy ?rD8tot^ yap^^xixa h px ^ix« 

■DJ8 iyi D^D tj^JIS D8P^ia ^D18S 183^ 8 18Q M «1?»5 

PHDDixii8njD8?P pa 5§8Di£> pyi d^d px yaiDB> Djjtfp'n 
Di^yax dux nrx .wwyiisn-iyoyiis lyjxpnyox iyi pa 
d^ t^8t iid ^a>n nytDyDis' iy»jnie lyDiyum is oy 
i^o du m ,"Dixa iy^>toD^iD8P lyuix d^d n^s^o^ 
D8ii ,n pn Dyii px px ^dixq lyr^ix t8 idmi do t^r 
m ,d^id^ Dyjyi^DJX mi 3»r dis lyt^yn-ix n n>e Dyn 
yax^yt)^8D yp^s^x n px ]y^ij3^sDMx yi^x rt^ii oy 
-ojx iyp>os^x iyi px ix /ina id^ii pyiiDoyiJia ; laoxp 
ly^ynix H >^ pnuoixuxnjDx^P iyi jyn .yaitDty-ojji^ptii 
nyoyiis H ^3 Mtfpiiiwu vw^b h jyn ,dmu d^j r^x 
lytJix T8 ri^o iyjypiyjx — ,yaito^ lypnyi^j x *nx r^x 
;W i^x d^d idxd yo^m h pnynw m t^j M^na ^Dixa 
■ixa px px Dy^8S»8P 5»»ni px nox ix^XT^apn px D81 
iyi px rx ,v» lyjypnyjx lynnyi .lanxp yvnifiwjjPBS 
-anx y^XDJyDxuia x oy rx yaiD^-D^i^ppitDJx lyp^bs^x 
pn ?8? D8ii ^^ixa x px iy^y^i8 y^x iP^^xixa is ynx^ 

.^tonxa nyaymx ix vtii 
iyn ^i iyn Dpiynyj m o^n. nx 1 vmv 1 ? h ,djid"iis 
y^sxt^xiDjys iyi px dpixh lyp^Dyo x lyna px oy 
iyi nn + idxd^ ybp^^xixa h p« ninrajjnoyi h pa 
!8^o lyn^xn 8 ni iyo ixixa dj^h iyrn ox^a px >>dix 
-n^x pa Dprxn ftyo .yto^y^^y^x D^n^yi y^xiyiya 
d^d ,y^spii8ia idxo pa ^^p^iidjx iyi wo ,D?^xnya 
p^x px lyaynix lyajpia px lyDiyum nxa^a^uis nyi 
px lynynix lyDJpiD pa yssp^nso iyi d^d px pn^nxa 
■jna 8 r^8 i?*ir 18 ajnoyi h toinn ,iaDXp y^^jsrj 



45 



"B1KB 1K1" 1 ? « IS 




lyByniN n pa BaymyiB ins tfyw n 



1928 



44 



IJTMlD^l yfcMB^KS H p$HJM PJPJW I^'IB lP n T B1N1 TN ,1'0 

ii^Dn) djkoi* Tnts >i p*nyj biioiks iy^n i$aiyi tin 

(.11 ,K .« ,iniBDy ,lJK7tt>BiH 
1'» W> ,"IKm« y'i'NBJyDNlJIS H BO lyiK *]H3 PN D81„ 

-ii« n inii ,iyijy^> n p« tk ,vo tp>s^ ,iy»'m pm^s 
-'ik Dyi tB^sans ns la^n aa^pnipau yttMBDi^BK^orynEDn 
pn iyns p$il}W biioikb dj$op i^ib n tyant ,o«*?p iyayn 
S .ijwbp "]D k lyoixmyasoK iya"T jyuBiga yvi&ityB n 
pt^tav^KB k pioiKS is nan B*a pk dn^p -i^taynnw ly.tyB^Bans 
lis yispyo ytt"BKipNBDiiK h d«h ,ayi ii'ns ,D3Btsny jibikb 

."BlgS lytJMB^KB H pN Bl > DyiyB5»KlKS BO T»K D*Tp lyByilK 

tpn^Bitffi is nan jynyjt pk yispyo ysMBKipKBDns yputn »i 
-ai« pBMBi'ygB jri'K ; d:no;»i i"ia n Tin IDyiyBJiN yi'N 
iyi pa ion T»m^'B pa) ijm.jr-3 onji^jniN jyjn? tcyiyo 
mi iyi ps iDyiyaaiK h mi ,yiyu*? pip bo (Bnpas^pini 
p« ,pk ,W1t!Wfy?H ly'nox iyi >»» iyo"ns iyi .^tki^t 

~18 pfi yiBNIpKBDilK H ^M1 ,BS$?B>iyi>S K ]K TJN1JW r^'W^M 
,!B^Dy^ yByl^nyj PH yBI'SiB^Klip >1 BJIKOIKB D*Op lyayn 

^Bjyoy^y ypn$i n ps Bnnitp .B&wtnyiis k iks tons dkii 

pnu^iK is nun lynjtf bo oxbp lyByiiN ly'nox iyi pk 

."BINS JNPVB^KB P»p p'Ol^S IS BO pK D3KOP 11*18 p*p 
1^13]^ ypi TK1 »1 pK D^IUKS 1KT11N y^KBJyONi:nS »1 PK D«l 

.D3$oi» Tnta iyoiKiipyjts»iK lyns iyj"t 
-iiubins rn^a lyiiya junbjk pb tjtj"t dj«op Tina h„ 

-18 ps ^B«np«BDn^ n ,nj;Bym« ^BT^'s^snp n tib "i^p 
py n T p« lyDpj'nN pnnw i»t p«n i«jij?t Btny pn ,bj?3 

BO DJ?T 1KB ^B8"i3 l^iDH^p « .nyByi'1« J?B^lty^DlK ]$"*) 

-d^« lis ;:n£:k dj;t i«j i^n n 1 ^ ij?^t bi«i j^Non: dmu 

.DX^p nj?ByniK PB Tt IB^B^IS DK*7 ^J^pMIBJK nj?tr»BD>^nj?B 

1j?j;t *ii» .paj?^ p« D^ay ,cpn«o itm^jjk pits* p«n oy m 
-KBDn« nyBj?nn« iy*7 inn BDKmtOKS t»« own ^^ib^kb^ h 
,t^:i> ni hb y»iB^ip«BDn« n je^Ki Biyn cy — yiBKip 
-gnK ii?np bo i!?JKJ!Ji« lyjut "lyBjmK j;b^»j;joik idnd h 

->BKp H PB D^pHBK ya^iynBMKOlK n PJHI K t0^3 .BliTO 

lyBynnn njn ps Dyojr^nnB n *i»ik ijmnojn yt^BD^KB 
dj^o^i p:-iiBD>Tpy »l pyp t^ao^siKS aanyj r yiBNip«BDnK 
-^ngi k is BD«"inyj B^jn D^n ,jpBinpHBDnt$ lyayniN nyi tic 

H P« ipnKiiKisui pnnpj« 110 pNH ,p«i iypiS2>0 H 
MJ^piiiBas n ,non^o h .1913 diih Btny ibkb^ yBpon«iKB 
C^l r B3B0-DB«B» ipBiip^«vjays-ttMB8ip$ii»i r iytfiB:wjo « tvs 



nyn« ,^i»fi n»a«5 8 ne ajm p« >"»» 1928 px 5»t ^d 

n tayil /D18S 1^^ D^S n'TSB ^ 11t18Q 8 1W P8ID 

n^j t^K n D»ii ,pynn8D loovnaiw nyi po8D t^Dijn 
.U8^ ns iyDyai8 h wp ?yaJ8383 t^« cy iyn 

Diypi^ii h nnn^ D»m8B :y^8na h tfyw tw ]yn 
no 33i5p*itt)3» wnMiii *i b'*a ypnyo» P8 18 »^»nmi 
-18 ns "t3i«B-?D8o 8 na :n?pnits58 h ,d«5p iynyni8 
in to^n Dsin»B ? ^disb i^^ 8 ps wn Tbmk ,iyDyn 
# i^8^toiH ,iyuy^ y^^K"Bsn"« n pn d8^p nyovnns nyi 
iyi nn i^d^wb b^iMM ,y^8D^8 ^js^on n i np38iQ 

-nri^K SIMK t3in»3 ,y^8TiJ8^1^ iyt^ , 'tD81P^DyT^8^^D 

ayii nyi nn p^ 5»»t u idkd^jk ,DB8^iyi ,t ^D^ iy^yn 

n ^1« Din83 18^8TDB ,) in TiN D8Vt /t3183 l^l 1 ^ 8 PB 

spik ,DDnn d^i ; oy^8T08Ji^ iynyni8 n» D^^r rn» 
? ly^yrrvpi^K ^n« dhd^jk r DS8t^nyT^D ,, » lyvpDpy^P* 
oytoD>D ^Di8B i»a«5 r n t8 # jpnyosn w ww tou pk oy 
pk pk iyuy? yB"DPsr*tfH8 n P« d?p^dj8 in D^n 

-ya tD^n y38ns iy^8DayD8i^s nyi m iv lya^ay iyi 
-8 1 »• f ^D3»o oiypi^n. P8 nysya I8^ti n^P vi tnya 

"?^tD18B ima«5 8 D^ni8B. .^tn8 18 PH ,1926 ,18U 

: ?p^i8 nyjy p« toaj$T lyaya ?8^n 

-ya ii iN^xTBBon ps ijoajrt ypn»i n ps yB^i^yj n„ 
11 intt m ny^in tjtk iks Byu ,o^p lyayais ps yiaa'v 
oy=? yDmyj p» rtpMwau VI town ibins i*a*^ n tib ayaoiD 

p« lyiiBlKB ytBtiB»1p«0yl^KiSKD PB QyBDiD H pn iyi 

iKnub h Baiin in BiiBy^ oy inh ,iyi^ n P« .^ yiyii« 
(laN^^y) djkoh iniB n n«^P P«^ ^ ns l^ in ' ,I0 ^ B 
f Biypi«s ,iibinb ymfittyi n iy 01 P^ BnN Pi * l^" 1 ^ P K 
W? r"iy"Bi*B ytpiBKipwoyT^is^D lyjisya i>o i«ii ,iyiMi 



47 



"tfllKB IHS"^ « is 



183 PK DV M .DyDWI /D183 Diypl^ll H ; "D18B yt2"D 

-ibb tiy^Piyi n8DP8a y^8 ypnwn n — nww is r^8 
D"»^ *oi8B i*3"5 s i8a ^jiayiisn iyi pa :m5>pniiw« h dwi 

♦SBDyD ISHDBTaJS? 8*8 D^D 

pk ^dibb ij*n"5» y5>«aijPVKJ pip pn do ?8t oy miK 
ddsw jynrt is lyDyniB n no nin iyi Dy pk ibi ,1928 
pa DyD^p itpjbjis is ; ly^DiBB i&p^ y58P«5 pk 
,iyDi8B ytrpttstfaopy pk ?ddo80P i^id yivDyiasia 
?"P pn no 5«r oy an« .nrttW *n»«J 8 183 rym d$n 

lyDyilS H TB181 181 ,1928 PK ^DIBB 182"5> y^BJJ^VBJ 

"gnttu 8 *pik ^yv-^ii 8 lynmsanK iruntw rnnan 5a5 

pn DO t^T Dy D¥ti 1928 183 DJ813 !DPO"K183 tf8J 

dsii ,U8ia pk Kfiu lyDymB n !b»n* ir^iyDJiK h 
rr^iyDJiK ypnm h ib ,P85nyi do in ti8D ,«t tfvmv 
mnsn ^ ,juipo"ki8b w ajni pk tfyptp in i^r 
jdpo^kibb 8„ pa 18a iyi lyDJiK ,d«5p d^>b ,&n9^tfi 

•"1928 ibb toyv^Bn 

layii Dyn^K r«p do m bB8i? '•dibs Diypisn h 
n8 h ibb tsd ttim pk ?«p ''Dibb iss^S 8 own ,oyi 

,yD10^3^DH H P1$3 PK Dy T8 f |D"11 to nyDyn 

-idsp ypnjyyn$5p t wrPDiWDMDn* ,yponDDiKiiB:uD8^P 
ypfrii .dbijsib iy£"DDOoy^ tk d^d ,"dibb yt^DDO 
ngrp^ijn *mts ipip td an on lyDymB h ppb ?*p 
PK D'W IDDP^DDni 118 iDDpyj lonia cyi sins m ■'dibb 
ps Mwnwb H8 ajtfpww* iv^d^8b pq uiaan iy 
,ou iyn iip'omsfi tDDoiD8P h ♦lyDyniB lyjBpnyos 
-18 lyDpo^KiBa 8 iyi8 /dibs iw^ 8 m\ i^bb r« 
— tyo^B' \%^n 8 m lyp tansya do »?»ii ^oys-iyDyn 
pa 3jipo^«18b iyD5y t8 nn jyoipya i^ Dftwcttn \m 
ps pHjyD^DDn^yt d^p^ib ,nyDi83 ywix pk nyDyii8 h 
0830 8 Ty^yj oy taSsn — .fy"Di8B ytsi^nu jro^rta h 
iyj8pnyD8 i'n*B an lypnn 8 p8 onxi^B »n» lyt^^D 
^^n»B 8T8 m) T8 ntt^wo lyn r« oy .d»5p iyDynn8 
-Dy tansya Dy d^ii ,njni di^di^b 5»t ^shr^mi iyi^ 

JD^B' W^D yD8? 



nyaymK >n n« tajj;T»T^iB "t«s p«n h 



1928 



46 



n lis py^ pK^yD-^Kta p« «n»ayi ijrn ps i^r py>ttjin« 
fBK^«D"Dajnuyn ps i^uwi d«i ; lyDiNs yan$ p« lyaynn^ 
bo lis tBQKp yj?nn »i ;ij?pint3D i^j/p Dj«tppj$ts>njiK p« 
,iaiis njri^yt "iyi p« ; 1922 p« -lytaynK i^»^o» m -jy^Mrii 
*NSKitDD«a«p -lyT ; 1921 pa Dunp ly'pyniDDnJ^K Syohia i^t 
pa tyaain»fiila ^^n^pnis n ^itDVipHaK ijn pk o»rnp i^ 

H pntop pxn n«upNfi ^k »i — ^jiia'jKB^ m b»o taK-nyj 



n^i^^ 8 18B iyaawjH83 h iw«t nw ?D*y5> oyn t^8 

H8B-;^ iyi jib D^npJ8i iyi .n^iiya DnyoyaiBB wiM 
-yQ8 iyi pb y^D8iP^ivn iyn pa ^d^kb ly^^^wB I8t^d 
ypHJD3oi8B pa diid^ iyi AifS"? m wnynya i«ph 
-di« px nyjtftas iyi ,p^idd nya^o p8 D^^p^^nr« 
-pvnDD d^8 pt^so oajnoyn nyi pa ivww nypn'noomn 
^i^n^^p pk s^ns r yo^n^DjyB p8 nDjya8 y^nyajnn 
H Disni ,D«n : ijbd^^d^ ly^^D^j^tpy nyDai8^i8B nyi 
-Di8 yiaDP8ii n ; Diynyisa in D^n ya8^> y?yiiD5>ipH38 
pa nm3 h ;^D18B iy^o8P^iiayi lyi pk D^pjinaiv 
: "Diss iy^^D8iP^Dyi iyi pk !Dyni8 d^i ^8aiyu8J8a 
yD8^yDO^D h p8 ajnoyi iyi pa m t^oj"^ d»i 
iyi pa aanyt^niDnK injwii h ;iyDyni8 H pa ibd8p 
iyo^ n b^ Dt^ni d»ii nyDyni8 h t^yp pb>8»-dd8db> 
^8 d»i — ,iyDyni8 yo^^yabiK p« yDi^^B^8iiP it^ms 

D^PD8^D^nJ3^8 iyi IV D^lD DSll ,n^Dj?8B H PHJDyjIV 

-D38 iyi 18B ninD h iy^n ,d8?p iyDyni8 iy:8pnyo8 pa 
.1928 pk > di«b itp"5 8 pa Ml^pMi 

^Di8B i»3 , »^ 8 l^n Dyn oy T8 ,iy3n no iyn» P8 Dy 
-81 d»ii f y^D8iP^iri l8or TnD yDansp h J928 p« 
D818B8 oyoyn n»a"5 ^8 i8^^iyiyB i«pnyos H D^iyn 
yp^p H ;DnDD Jsn is nyDDjya 8 I'nbn iyi p« pk oy 
-yi183 180V TnD H IDDyB18B D811 ,tTPJ8:i i»n^5 pa 

-d^s^sd n B^atp oy D8ii r»2§*i y^nyDyiisa n^»ij 



49 



narttfa i#n^ « is 



ly&ymK h ]ik BJjn»Tjns ins t^n n — 1928 



48 



.1D8BB> yt3P s J"K18B H PK OBS^PW iyB"BD^1»$p 8 P3 

-i8ii iyi pk Bin^8ni$ ,t»Diiib<p iyj8pnyo8 h 
8 tnsn «? t« rtwypiyjK ."dim hytyaD^iiDSp) Diyp 
.junyiw p^k p"»p tk rio^n td .am nyw pk ijjsS 
i^bs ,iy»yni8 h DvoyiyarKiKa iyrn oy lya^yn pk 
h .pntoMimi* iyi$ # i«5p ix b\j pk .yooJaD^D h 
•ns h p& tDyiyn^K yoD^^o n ,:niiyi*$B y&Djy5p 
*pi8B oiypisu iyi i8a p^mmidik iv ed^j tyj>n lyayn 
n&*p) Diypisn H .ayi 18S ?B»yp- iy D»na pk n pk 
mi .iDyiyn^K yiyiJimn \"p t^j dkh "bibb (y^ao^ 
-way? ayi tyny^Ki ; D8?P lyoyais pa inyiyDJPK h nw 
t niT3B> rvviiyi iwp n&8P iyi ,iybyai8 n pa ii8U8dd 
lin tayp .tyamiHiD-Matf yas^ajyr) ibb *id8P iyi 

1"1D H tyiiy&81 1KB ♦DyttD^D BWMfcPWP PK "BK T5D„ 
WDMI'TUB yiJI^DDMpy H Pa tSB^DS^BBS n ^ a ,DJ«^P 

8 iyn 18a ; dj^v y^ynDDii^K yuaoyp r yp^iy® pk 

"D18 H nMOtffltf 18a ,DP"1DD jyjMiya 18a /D18B 1»3"5 

ytoi^K^SDpy h pa y;8^ h tiyoynisB i8B .yDin^sntf 
iyp^ya yDpnnywiK n pa jjik^ibk:: iyi i8a ,biyoi8B 
i8a ^lyos iye^"B85 pk 5siDjy* .iwv^fi h pk 
w *iid 8 p8D i8a f u8ni8a layiiso pa miwiwk iyi 

-8S 18a ^jm^ia^D^K iy^t3D^8nys»^8 iyj8pny&8 iyi 
ryj"? o*n — ontoo £$11 na lyjy^B-nDn^o y^8 nn^8i 
-\mp iyj8pnyD8 H n^ya8 oy ytfy)) *pik ,dib"k n 
PK *iyDi83 ytDi^DKV^aopy pk iyoyni8 idke h iv idd^ 
iynyni8 iyj8Pny&8 h tfyn dw*k ypnai n ikb *idkp 
-jib pk yiyp^MMi ,yiyDyu 18a taioyp iv lynyfoMX in 
nto^DiK lypnjyD^ia Dyi 18a ,iDyiytw»K yiy?8tDjyo8i 
"8D8^aDpy pa nyoD^o yts^nin H pk DT^Knyao^K pa 
in lyn^y !8 ,iy^n8Dy^na 8 d*» tiD^msB pk .yv 
iy^^DD v ^8^^D 8 d^d pk D8?p iynym8 pa y^D81P^O 

.DyDD^D 

yiyiifiy 8 fn$n «t t8 ,td^ii tdd^id^p iyJ8Pnyo8 h 

Ml r ^t)18fi (y^^DDiJlDW) Diypltfll H .1M 18B Dyi18 

,^8J^8:nyD:PK t^^o^io^P pa y>xpyo iyj8pny)08 h 







r^K vwmn rp^DV^K pk lyoyniK h pa nin iyi 
pa Dyni8 iyi pk iny? pk 3**5 d^d in rai8nKnrn8 

foy*"58M IDP"»J"K18B 8 lyi^ r ,| D18a 1W"5 8 IT'OIOT 

t3?yn P8 r 3jffl iyDDD8tPiMi iyi t^k d^i .lyoyniK pa 
yp^ww h pk laoyp \y:w lyoyniK iyj8P-nyD8 h 
tk D8n ,n^in yuyoip h pk m in ipii d«m ,$*fi 
8 pa y^8i^D iyiJDP8ii iyi iayp nosp 8 p^D^xa^^ 

ytDDyiJ n T^K D»M ,P^8D-D^11^yi iytDTP581tHy* 

♦o5yM iyi pk nDjyjK y^nyayin-p'nDD 

n pk lyiiya P^oayo 8 fyny:s d^8H ^i8a i»"5 8 
w ,DJ^E^pj^^nrK jayp taoyp i* iybyai8 ^1 pa Djyn 
dwm ojn^yi iyi t35P nnn^D 8 i8a ID8D h nn^n^n 
iv *iD8P iyi .Dj^t^pj^^ri^K «i 1111 iBSsnyjBMK Diyii 
h pk d^k in iy?3J81 btfH ,D3i$OP T V 1D >i iyMyt)8i 
d«sd iyDMi; 8 ps tfyii ,onnp iai8t^ lo^yr 8 pa ?5yJ 
^blga i#ip*5 8 pa ^nn^8n«t iyi iin nffM ia?8ny3 
tsyp sjD8p iyi .^p^nyscK iyj8pnyD8 dvp n^8P iyi 
-ypiy^K iyi 18a pi»8P iyi ,i8ayrnDn^n iyuDp8*n iyi 
i^a ,ip"idd tv aayi di^i i8a nJ8ni8a t^yn^o pa mi 
nw^^Mrs^v iypn^8i 18a ,^i^8Ti8a ( yiyi pa n^n^ia 
tyoip )5yM »8iB ypn^i '*i y^8 — Di^oi8a h ikb tf^n 

!D8» iy^8J8^8J 8 PB SJVl^jttBUd iyi 1111 PniDMK dW 

.^Dn8a iyoyni8 

/D18B W'5 I^P Iiyil IDIM^BJIS D^J ?^T Dy 3MK 

lynp^^KiKB i"p tiyn D^ytacyjBMN d^j 5>«t oy iyi** 
pa nin iyi oy pk fgi ,1928 ikb i^8ii h i^k 5oyv?8M 
Distil ,"iDi8B yB»D^8& yp^j"« h iv^Dt^ iv lyoyniK H 
iybyai8 pb ly^nyi^ia y^8 18B ibobp h c^^iy^y dtb 

IDD S J1D8P ♦*! . M D18a (y^^DD^ID^p) Diypl^ll H — D85»P 

-n8Dy n pk d?^8d^B8P pa nio^ Dyi i8B ib^ ty^tD^ 
jjn^yi 8 18B — dk^p iyny^i8 pa iid8dph pa jjii^ 
3ji5pmidj8 iyi 18a — D8?P iyoyni8 i'i8B pk mi ,pa 



D^3"S18D IS^SVmS 



.jauyiiKi "ij?BjmK .*ijn p* yjr$ n (-i 

Jpftn *»"? P8 ty"tti8a yt^D^s : 5wb$p iyo2 
,*»Bigs jrvaisp»taiij?i (« 

J'tSINS yttMBK'lpgttjn (n 

jittiKS (ytr'tsDuittKp) onypiKn (1 

,1928 pa r5*l1 H p« Dit^K : 5>t^B«P iy&3 

-tnaays ,5 ; *in«B .4 ;taan^ Btyn .3 ;p)i'w .2 

t3i»£ .7 ;jM*sn$p .6 ; uskd o^nuyi ps y»s&?^ 

-yi ytt?njny"np>nBD .1 : BpJtB'tfgBtP D'lyBynt* Djn (3 
-ukj"i« pa p»»nBD + 3 ; .D3^p3«yn3'K ,2 ;^nu 
; DajnitwiK j?^kiskd .5 ;*P^n di«s .4 ; y***t 
♦itffiy-3 rente h pa D?*fy$nyBfiin lyj&piiyD* ,6 

.IB81HJ8P h : ?t^S8P iyn4 



.yvjKp^niBjn (« 

,ya»B|T>PWJ (n 

♦"Bias i^^ 8 is : ^asp iy&5 

# JB£tt«> J?BJ^"N1«S H PK "Bl.gB 1K1" 1 ? N DKITIKS (3 

,ntD*)KB INlii'? « IKS |B3iTDn* (j 

^tSlKB DiypiKll n B^Ut? p« BMi (t 






nytaymK n p« BjyvTyiB n«s i^n n — . 1928 



50; 



PK DJ/BD^D ytt"DD^8DB8P y^WtfSJiytDJ'K H 18 ,D*M1 

y&8D tn m f iM«a yp« pa H8D y&8D ?'pn pJ8iP 
-y»8 iyi T8 ,dmk toyr ojyoso r'i8a djh •hobo p« man 
nb ,tiyn is twnss piston is pk dp5>8&'B8P ny3«pn 
.8 pk dp^8d^8P nyjBPHyos iyi r« .ipiyiy; nyn* jyp 
nyt5^tDD^8tD^s«p nyJ'SJ^^sjnyoj^ nysJ8:s iyi pa 5«ti 
■yse*R nyjspnyos pa nsnya wimp* iyi .DyDD^o 
tPiyo ph? jjs5 ntfsnjs d>j tsyn D"pBDya nyts^tDD^gn 
-snyao^K h pa p^^^ nyi n«a iD^pnyii^ ynjopsii in 
■mi pa 5^x yiyiyn « r^« lyyr t»d .itossDDnn: y^>DD^ 
-8tD8i5aDpy y^t3D^8t3^asp h s*? ?:>8W d«m ,pna^nyi 

jD8t3K? yDP^^Ki8a h pn yv 
pytDD^JBi i^ a^i in d^ idd^id^p iyj8pnyD8 n 
d«m .oMKiBiB tsn^ ny 1 itf d8^p iyDyii8 oyn n^a n« 
f iyDyni8 h nsa nyoyn r^8 r DMKii»fi »n^ nyn nyoyii 
4"5p iv d^: t^k dmki»b ont^ nyDDjy^p iyi i^as nyn^ 
tD8Dt^ ytDp^^8n8a h pk joynns is pk 5^-tDBMn nytJiN 
t'3in ,D8?P nyDyni8 pa jjn^yi 8 pa mmmk oyn i«a 
is ami i'dmh — D8^p "iytDyni8 j'nsa pk ds^p iytDynn« 
*tDB8^?y?y3 .yB"BD^D8P 8 P8^pnnn8a 
■d^io8P) Diypi^i h Dan D8iasna iypM»n iyi fi nt i« 
h nys n .n^n is nyoynis D8^ny ny ^toi8a (y^o 
n8 ntf 1 pa nyn8ny^ns ip^modikmss ny 1 pa ys^Di^ 
ptsj^ir^a wmi to^nb d«m f MnaDoym8 ?ik i8»Dtoyn 
.isn8n p« in «a DynyDrK-tDs^p n8 r^^^-iD8^P 



Lovestone, Jay, 



DATE DUE 




J 




~ 




^^^tzzzz: 





























._. 


























_ 






— — _. _ 






I 





28&07 



BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY 
LIBRARY 



I 



nyrpn px jwsrn ynyo a rK ^pyo^^n^ wn„ h 
ni/B»TK ijn ma inyawD^ns ,nyDynns jwtk H "i»a 
•"insa hyt^oD^ip^p) Diyp-isn nyn pa ptfpyo 
ijikhb yp^DDMi y^>B D^nsn&o "pytft^rpn yam,, h 
m*5 pk my5 ^ynt^ip pk ?a«?0D8B^yrw ,?b»d^*b d'jib 
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